The formulation, characterization and in vivo evaluation of a magnetic carrier for brain delivery of NIR dye.
ABSTRACT This work reports the targeting of the near infrared (NIR) dye indocyanine green (ICG) to the brain using composite nanoparticles. Thermal decomposition of iron pentacarbonyl was used to synthesize monodisperse oleic acid coated magnetic nanoparticles (OAMNP). Synthesized OAMNP and ICG were encapsulated in a poly (lactide-co-glycolide) matrix using an emulsion evaporation method. Different batches containing OAMNP:PLGA ratios (1:4, 1:2 and 3:4) were prepared with ICG (group B-1, 2, 3) and without ICG (group A-1, 2, 3) loading. All the formulations were characterized in terms of morphology, particle size, zeta potential, magnetic content, ICG encapsulation efficiency and the spectral properties of ICG. The optimized formulation showed an encapsulation efficiency of 56 +/- 4.6% for ICG and 57 +/- 1.37% for OAMNP. The biodistribution and brain targeting study involved three groups of six animals, each with 0.4 mg kg(-1) equivalent of ICG, given as neat ICG solution, composite nanoparticles without the aid of a magnetic field, and composite nanoparticles under the influence of a magnetic field (8000 G) to groups 1, 2 and 3 respectively. The tissue analysis and microscopy images revealed a significantly higher brain concentration of ICG (p < 0.05) for group 3 than the two control groups. These results are encouraging for the brain delivery of hydrophilic dyes/drugs using this method for biomedical applications.
- SourceAvailable from: Amalendu P Ranjan[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Delivery of therapeutic agents to bone is crucial in several diseases such as osteoporosis, Paget's disease, myeloproliferative diseases, multiple myeloma as well as skeletal metastasizing cancers. Prevention of cancer growth and lowering the cancer induced bone resorption is important in the treatment of bone metastasizing cancers. Keeping in mind the low diffusivity and availability of cell surface targets on cancer cells, we designed a targeted system to deliver chemotherapeutic agents to the bone microenvironment as an approach to tissue targeting using alendronate (Aln). We co-encapsulated curcumin and bortezomib in the PLGA nanoparticles to further enhance the therapeutic efficiency and overall clinical outcome. These multifunctional nanoparticles were characterized for particle size, morphology and drug encapsulation. The particles were spherical with smooth surface and had particle size of 235 ± 70.30 nm. We validated the bone targeting ability of these nanoparticles in vitro. Curcumin and bortezomib are known to have synergistic effect in inhibition of growth of cancer; however there was no synergism in the anti-osteoclastogenic activity of these agents. Surprisingly, curcumin by itself had significant inhibition of osteclastogenic activity. In vivo non-invasive bioimaging showed higher localization of Aln-coated nanoparticles to the bone compared to control groups, which was further confirmed by histological analysis. Aln-coated nanoparticles protected bone resorption and decreased the rate of tumor growth as compared to control groups in an intraosseous model of bone metastasis. Our data show efficient attachment of Aln on the surface of nanoparticles which could be used as a drug carrier for preferential delivery of multiple therapeutic agents to bone microenvironment.Biomaterials 07/2012; 33(29):7164-73. · 7.60 Impact Factor