Effects of branched amino acids supplementation in malnourished elderly with catabolic status.
ABSTRACT Among various nutrients branched amino acids (BCAAS) have been shown to be the most responsible for the stimulation of protein synthesis in various situations including catabolic states.
We evaluated the effect of a small amount of proteins enriched with BCAAs (0.4 g/kg/day and 0.2 g/kg/day BCAAs) on body weight and composition; nitrogen balance, energy intake and inflammation after 2 weeks of supplementation in acute elderly with catabolic status.
Two weeks randomized controlled trial.
Geriatric department of teaching hospital.
Thirty patients with malnutrition and inflammatory process (MNA < 24, albumin < 30 g/l and CRP > or = 20 mg/l) who agreed to participate in the study were consecutively included.
Body composition was determined by labelled water dilution method; resting energy expenditure (REE) was determined by indirect calorimetry; energy intake was calculated for a 3 days period at D1 and D12. Nutritional and inflammatory proteins and cytokines (IL-6 and TNF) were measured at day 1 and 14.
No difference was observed at day 14 between supplemented (S) and control (C) group for weight (S: 58.0 +/- 11.8 kg and C: 60.0 +/- 15.9 kg); fat free mass (S: 40.7 +/- 8.3 kg and C: 40 +/- 8.2 kg); nitrogen balance (S: 1.34 +/- 2.21 g/day and C: 0.59 +/- 4.47 g/day); and energy intake (S: 20 +/- 3.6 kcal/day and C: 20.5 +/- 8.6 kcal/day). Energy intake was at similar level than REE and clearly less than energy requirement in C and S. A significant decrease was observed for orosomucoid and Prognostic Inflammatory and Nutritional Index (PINI) in S.
Our results do not confirm improvement of nutritional status with enriched BCAAs supplementation as suggested in the literature. Persistence of inflammatory condition may be an explanation despite an improvement of inflammatory status was observed in the supplemented group. Those results show clearly that energy requirements are not covered in acute hospitalized elderly people. The fact that not only energy intake but also REE are decreased brings a new insight on catabolic situations.
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for protein intake has been set at 1.0-1.3 g/kg/day for senior. To date, no consensus exists on the lower threshold intake (LTI = RDA/1.3) for the protein intake (PI) needed in senior patients ongoing both combined caloric restriction and physical activity treatment for metabolic syndrome. Considering that age, caloric restriction and exercise are three increasing factors of protein need, this study was dedicated to determine the minimal PI in this situation, through the determination of albuminemia that is the blood marker of protein homeostasis. METHODS: Twenty eight subjects (19 M, 9 F, 61.8 +/- 6.5 years, BMI 33.4 +/- 4.1 kg/m2) with metabolic syndrome completed a three-week residential programme (Day 0 to Day 21) controlled for nutrition (energy balance of -500 kcal/day) and physical activity (3.5 hours/day). Patients were randomly assigned in two groups: Normal-PI (NPI: 1.0 g/kg/day) and High-PI (HPI: 1.2 g/kg/day). Then, patients returned home and were followed for six months. Albuminemia was measured at D0, D21, D90 and D180. RESULTS: At baseline, PI was spontaneously 1.0 g/kg/day for both groups. Albuminemia was 40.6 g/l for NPI and 40.8 g/l for HPI. A marginal protein under-nutrition appeared in NPI with a decreased albuminemia at D90 below 35 g/l (34.3 versus 41.5 g/l for HPI, p < 0.05), whereas albuminemia remained stable in HPI. CONCLUSION: During the treatment based on restricted diet and exercise in senior people with metabolic syndrome, the lower threshold intake for protein must be set at 1.2 g/kg/day to maintain blood protein homeostasis.Nutrition Journal 09/2012; 11(1):72. · 2.64 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The informational and instrumental portabilities of mobile devices have made the devices appropriable in various contexts and for various uses. This, then, leads us to ask---how does the always-on usage impact our day-to-day lives? Extensive investigations were carried out to uncover sociotechnical configurations, appropriations, and negotiations developed to combat perpetual technological availability. Based on the findings, we developed three prototypes, which utilize context-awareness to promote increased sociability, stress relief, and reduced intrusiveness. In this paper, we report on the user investigations, design conception, prototypes, evaluations, and broader learnings.Proceedings of the 21st Australasian Computer-Human Interaction Conference, OZCHI 2009: Open 24/7, Melbourne, Australia, November 23-27, 2009; 01/2009
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ABSTRACT: Background: The Harmonic Scalpel (HS) is a device that uses vibrations to coagulate and cut tissues simultaneously. Its advantages are represented by minimal lateral thermal tissue damage, less smoke formation, no neuromuscular stimulation and no transmission of electricity to the patient. Methods: A total of 211 consecutive patients (113 men, 98 women; mean age 64 years) undergoing hemicolectomy for cancer of the right colon were divided into two groups, namely those in whom the operation was performed using a new HS handpiece (NHS; 108 patients) and those assigned to conventional hemostasis (CH; 103 patients). The two surgical groups were compared regarding patients' age and sex, tumor size, location, histotype and local invasiveness assessed by American Joint Cancer Committee stage, operative time, fluid content in the suction balloon (drainage volume) during the first 1-3 days after surgery, hospital stay and complications. Results: Ultrasonic energy delivered through an HS has been shown to be safe and to produce minimal damage to the surrounding tissues because of its minimal heat production. Electrical devices allow hemostatic control in vessels up to 3 mm in diameter, while HS can coagulate vessels up to 5 mm in diameter; thus, HS allows not only better control of bleeding but also of lymphorrhea. In fact, the amount of fluid collected in the drainage was significantly lower in the NHS group compared to the CH group. Protein depletion influences the patient's regenerative capacity and thus also the occurrence of complications and recovery time. Conclusion: NHS is a useful device in colon surgery; it facilitates surgical maneuvers and reduces operative times and blood and lymphatic losses, allowing satisfactory maintenance of protein storage. This results in a lower incidence of complications and faster recovery by patients. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.Digestive surgery 09/2013; 30(4-5):355-361. · 1.37 Impact Factor