Immunochemical studies on catechol-estrogen modified plasmid: possible role in rheumatoid arthritis.
ABSTRACT Increased concentrations of estrogen metabolites (catecholestrogens) have been found in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) but the exact patho-etiology remains elusive.
The binding of antibodies from the sera of RA patients and control subjects to native and modified DNA was studied by direct binding and inhibition ELISA, quantitative precipitin titration. Experimentally induced antibodies were also checked to detect oxidative lesions in the DNA as well as for the estimation of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels in different fluids of RA.
Anti-DNA IgG from RA sera, exhibited increased recognition of modified DNA than native DNA (nDNA; P < 0.001). The relative affinity of anti-DNA antibodies for modified and nDNA was in the order of 1.85 × 10(-7), 1.23 × 10(-7), and 1.2 × 10(-6). Samples of DNA from RA patients showed a significant inhibition in the induced antibody activity in comparison to DNA isolates from controls (P < 0.001). The concentration of 8-OHdG evaluated by induced antibody in RA patients was found to be significantly higher than controls ((P < 0.0001, P < 0.01, P < 0.05).
High binding of modified DNA with the IgG from RA patient might explain possible antigenic role of 4-OHE(2)-modified DNA in the production of anti-DNA antibodies. In addition, the induced antibodies have been shown to represent an alternative immunochemical probe to detect oxidative lesions in DNA as well as for the estimation of 8-OHdG levels in different body fluid of RA patients, which may be used as marker in the diagnosis of the disease.
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ABSTRACT: The frequencies of antibodies to the cartilage type IX and XI collagens and to type I collagen were determined in 188 patients with rheumatoid arthritis, of whom 76 were positive for antibodies to native type II collagen. A higher proportion of patients with antibodies to native type II collagen had antibodies to these other collagens, but about one third of patients without antibodies to native type II collagen had antibodies to one or more denatured collagens. The patterns of antibodies present in individual sera suggested that there was a selective response to the collagens in an individual patient. The incidence of patients having antibodies to these native and denatured collagens in a random group of patients with rheumatoid arthritis was calculated.Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 01/1988; 46(12):902-7. · 9.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The role of the nitric oxide (NO) radical in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) pathogenesis has been investigated in the present study. The binding characteristics of SLE autoantibodies with native calf thymus DNA, native and NO-modified plasmid DNA were assessed. Binding characteristics and specificity of antibodies were analysed by direct binding and inhibition ELISA, gel retardation assay and quantitative precipitin titration. The data shows preferential binding of SLE autoantibodies to NO-modified plasmid DNA (NO-DNA) in comparison with native plasmid DNA. Inhibition ELISA reiterates the direct binding results. Gel retardation assay further substantiated the enhanced recognition of NO-DNA by anti-DNA autoantibodies. The binding affinity of modified and native plasmid DNA with one of the SLE IgGs was calculated, using the Langmuir plot. The apparent association constant for NO-plasmid DNA was found to be highest, followed by native calf thymus DNA and native plasmid DNA. The results suggest that the NO radical modification of plasmid DNA causes perturbations, resulting in the generation of neo-epitopes, and making it a potential immunogen. The DNA modified with the NO radical may be one of the factors for the induction of circulating SLE anti-DNA autoantibodies.Lupus 02/2004; 13(2):95-100. · 2.78 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystem autoimmune disease in which anti-double-stranded DNA antibody is a classic autoantibody that characterizes SLE. A role for oestrogens in the pathogenesis of SLE has been suspected for many years but the exact patho-aetiology remains elusive. In this study, the binding of SLE autoantibodies with native and 4-OHE(2)-NO-modified plasmid DNA were assessed. Binding specificity of antibodies was analysed by direct binding and inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, quantitative precipitin titration and gel retardation assay. Anti-DNA IgG from SLE sera, purified on Protein A-Agarose matrix, exhibited increased recognition of 4-OHE(2)-NO-DNA than native DNA (P < 0.001). Gel retardation assay further substantiated the enhanced recognition of modified DNA by anti-DNA autoantibodies. The affinity of anti-DNA antibodies for modified polymer was found to be high as calculated by using Langmuir plot. DNA modified by 4-OHE(2)-NO presents unique neo-epitopes that might be one of the factor in antigen-driven induction of SLE autoantibodies.Scandinavian Journal of Immunology 12/2006; 64(6):677-83. · 2.20 Impact Factor