Nogo-B receptor is essential for angiogenesis in zebrafish via Akt pathway
ABSTRACT Our previous work has shown that axon guidance gene family Nogo-B and its receptor (NgBR) are essential for chemotaxis and morphogenesis of endothelial cells in vitro. To investigate NogoB-NgBR function in vivo, we cloned the zebrafish ortholog of both genes and studied loss of function in vivo using morpholino antisense technology. Zebrafish ortholog of Nogo-B is expressed in somite while expression of zebrafish NgBR is localized in intersomitic vessel (ISV) and axial dorsal aorta during embryonic development. NgBR or Nogo-B knockdown embryos show defects in ISV sprouting in the zebrafish trunk. Mechanistically, we found that NgBR knockdown not only abolished its ligand Nogo-B-stimulated endothelial cell migration but also reduced the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-stimulated phosphorylation of Akt and vascular endothelial growth factor-induced chemotaxis and morphogenesis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Further, constitutively activated Akt (myristoylated [myr]Akt) or human NgBR can rescue the NgBR knockdown umbilical vein endothelial cell migration defects in vitro or NgBR morpholino-caused ISV defects in vivo. These data place Akt at the downstream of NgBR in both Nogo-B- and VEGF-coordinated sprouting of ISVs. In summary, this study identifies the in vivo functional role for Nogo-B and its receptor (NgBR) in angiogenesis in zebrafish.
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ABSTRACT: Nogo-B receptor (NgBR) has been shown to be involved in endothelial cell chemotaxis and morphogenesis. However, few studies analyzing its expression in cancer cells have been performed.Anticancer research 09/2014; 34(9):4819-28. · 1.87 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Nogo-B receptor (NgBR) is a type I receptor and specifically binds to ligand Nogo-B. Our previous work has shown that NgBR is highly expressed in human breast invasive ductal carcinoma. Here, comprehensive proteome quantification was performed to examine the alteration of protein expression profile in MDA-MB-231 breast tumor cells after knocking down NgBR using lentivirus-mediated shRNA approach. Among a total of 1771 proteins feasibly quantified, 994 proteins were quantified in two biological replicates with RSD<50%. There are 122 proteins significantly down-regulated in NgBR knockdown MDA-MB-231 breast tumor cells, such as vimentin and S100A4, well-known markers for mesenchymal cells, and CD44, a stemness indicator. The decrease of vimentin, S100A4 and CD44 protein expression levels was further confirmed by Western blot analysis. MDA-MB-231 cells are typical breast invasive ductal carcinoma cells showing mesenchymal phenotype. Cell morphology analysis demonstrates NgBR knockdown in MDA-MB-231 cells results in reversibility of Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT), which is one of the major mechanisms involved in breast cancer metastasis. Furthermore, we demonstrated that NgBR knockdown in MCF-7 cells significantly prevented the TGF-β-induced EMT process as determined by the morphology change, and staining of E-cadherin intercellular junction as well as the decreased expression of vimentin.
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ABSTRACT: The fish lateral line (LL) is a mechanosensory system closely related to the hearing system of higher vertebrates, and it is composed of several neuromasts located on the surface of the fish. These neuromasts can detect changes in external water flow, to assist fish in maintaining a stationary position in a stream. In the present study, we identified a novel function of Nogo/Nogo receptor signaling in the formation of zebrafish neuromasts. Nogo signaling in zebrafish, like that in mammals, involves three ligands and four receptors, as well as three co-receptors (TROY, p75, and LINGO-1). We first demonstrated that Nogo-C2, NgRH1a, p75, and TROY are able to form a Nogo-C2 complex, and that disintegration of this complex causes defective neuromast formation in zebrafish. Time-lapse recording of the CldnB::lynEGFP transgenic line revealed that functional obstruction of the Nogo-C2 complex causes disordered morphogenesis, and reduces rosette formation in the posterior LL (PLL) primordium during migration. Consistent with these findings, hair-cell progenitors were lost from the PLL primordium in p75, TROY, and Nogo-C2/NgRH1a morphants. Notably, the expression levels of pea3, a downstream marker of Fgf signaling, and dkk1b, a Wnt signaling inhibitor, were both decreased in p75, TROY, and Nogo-C2/NgRH1a morphants; moreover, dkk1b mRNA injection could rescue the defects in neuromast formation resulting from knockdown of p75 or TROY. We thus suggest that a novel Nogo-C2 complex, consisting of Nogo-C2, NgRH1a, p75, and TROY, regulates Fgf signaling and dkk1b expression, thereby ensuring stable organization of the PLL primordium.PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(1):e86345. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0086345 · 3.53 Impact Factor