Specialized compartments of cardiac nuclei exhibit distinct proteomic anatomy

Department of Anesthesiology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.
Molecular &amp Cellular Proteomics (Impact Factor: 7.25). 01/2011; 10(1):M110.000703. DOI: 10.1074/mcp.M110.000703
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT As host to the genome, the nucleus plays a critical role as modulator of cellular phenotype. To understand the totality of proteins that regulate this organelle, we used proteomics to characterize the components of the cardiac nucleus. Following purification, cardiac nuclei were fractionated into biologically relevant fractions including acid-soluble proteins, chromatin-bound molecules and nucleoplasmic proteins. These distinct subproteomes were characterized by liquid chromatography-tandem MS. We report a cardiac nuclear proteome of 1048 proteins--only 146 of which are shared between the distinct subcompartments of this organelle. Analysis of genomic loci encoding these molecules gives insights into local hotspots for nuclear protein regulation. High mass accuracy and complementary analytical techniques allowed the discrimination of distinct protein isoforms, including 54 total histone variants, 17 of which were distinguished by unique peptide sequences and four of which have never been detected at the protein level. These studies are the first unbiased analysis of cardiac nuclear subcompartments and provide a foundation for exploration of this organelle's proteomes during disease.

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    • "Also, the nucleus serves a multi-functional role, as a regulator and modulator during cell division, and controller and integrator for fertilization and inheritance. Thus, nucleus plays a critical role as a modulator of cellular phenotype (Franklin et al., 2011). The nucleus must therefore be dynamic as cells divide, modulating its composition and architecture during its formation and after it has been disintegrated. "
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