Proline-rich tyrosine kinase-2 is critical for CD8 T-cell short-lived effector fate.

Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, The Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Rosalind Russell Medical Research Center for Arthritis, and Graduate Program in Biomedical Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143-0795, USA.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (Impact Factor: 9.81). 09/2010; 107(37):16234-9. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1011556107
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT T-cell interactions with antigen-presenting cells are important for CD8 T-cell effector or memory fate determination. The integrin leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) mediates T-cell adhesion but the contribution of LFA-1-induced signaling pathways to T-cell responses is poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that proline-rich tyrosine kinase-2 (PYK2) deficiency impairs CD8 T-cell activation by synergistic LFA-1 and T-cell receptor stimulation. Furthermore, PYK2 is essential for LFA-1-mediated CD8 T-cell adhesion and LFA-1 costimulation of CD8 T-cell migration. During lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus infection in vivo, PYK2 deficiency results in a specific loss of short-lived effector CD8 T cells but does not affect memory-precursor CD8 T-cell development. Similarly, lack of LFA-1 primarily impairs the generation of short-lived effector cells. Thus, PYK2 facilitates LFA-1-dependent CD8 T-cell responses and promotes CD8 T-cell short-lived effector fate, suggesting that PYK2 may be an interesting therapeutic target to suppress exacerbated CD8 T-cell responses.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Upon primary infection, naïve T cells that recognize their cognate antigen become activated, proliferate, and simultaneously differentiate into various subsets. A long-standing question in the field has been how this cellular diversification is achieved. Conceptually, diverse cellular output may either arise from every single cell or only from populations of naïve cells. Furthermore, such diversity may either be driven by cell-intrinsic heterogeneity or by external, niche-derived signals. In this review, we discuss how recently developed technologies have allowed the analysis of the mechanisms underlying T cell diversification at the single cell level. In addition, we outline the implications of this work on our understanding of the formation of immunological memory, and describe a number of unresolved key questions in this field.
    Trends in Immunology 03/2014; DOI:10.1016/ · 12.03 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: T cells control the focus and extent of adaptive immunity in infectious and pathological diseases. The activation of T cells occurs when the T cell antigen receptor (TCR) and costimulatory and/or adhesion receptors are engaged by their ligands. This process drives signaling that promotes cytoskeletal rearrangement and transcription factor activation, both of which regulate the quality and magnitude of the T cell response. However, it is not fully understood how different receptor-induced signals combine to alter T cell activation. The related non-receptor tyrosine kinases focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2 (Pyk2) are phosphorylated downstream of the TCR and several costimulatory and adhesion receptors. FAK family proteins integrate receptor-mediated signals that influence actin cytoskeletal rearrangement and effector T cell responses. In this review, we summarize the receptor-specific roles that FAK and Pyk2 control to influence T cell development and activation.
    Immunologic Research 05/2014; 59(1-3). DOI:10.1007/s12026-014-8527-y · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: No treatment strategies effectively limit the progression of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), a common and debilitating neurodegenerative disorder. The absence of viable treatment options reflects the fact that the pathophysiology and genotypic causes of the disease are not well understood. The advent of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) has made it possible to broadly investigate genotypic alterations driving phenotypic occurrences. Recent studies have associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in two paralogous scaffolding proteins, NEDD9 and CASS4, and the kinase PTK2B, with susceptibility to late-onset AD (LOAD). Intriguingly, NEDD9, CASS4, and PTK2B have been much studied as interacting partners regulating oncogenesis and metastasis, and all three are known to be active in the brain during development and in cancer. However, to date, the majority of studies of these proteins have emphasized their roles in the directly cancer relevant processes of migration and survival signaling. We here discuss evidence for roles of NEDD9, CASS4 and PTK2B in additional processes, including hypoxia, vascular changes, inflammation, microtubule stabilization and calcium signaling, as potentially relevant to the pathogenesis of LOAD. Reciprocally, these functions can better inform our understanding of the action of NEDD9, CASS4 and PTK2B in cancer.

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jun 30, 2014