Article

Cubilin is essential for albumin reabsorption in the renal proximal tubule.

INSERM UMR S968, Institut de la Vision, 17 rue Moreau, 75012 Paris, France.
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (Impact Factor: 9.47). 11/2010; 21(11):1859-67. DOI: 10.1681/ASN.2010050492
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Receptor-mediated endocytosis is responsible for protein reabsorption in the proximal tubule. This process involves two interacting receptors, megalin and cubilin, which form a complex with amnionless. Whether these proteins function in parallel or as part of an integrated system is not well understood. Here, we report the renal effects of genetic ablation of cubilin, with or without concomitant ablation of megalin, using a conditional Cre-loxP system. We observed that proximal tubule cells did not localize amnionless to the plasma membrane in the absence of cubilin, indicating a mutual dependency of cubilin and amnionless to form a functional membrane receptor complex. The cubilin-amnionless complex mediated internalization of intrinsic factor-vitamin B12 complexes, but megalin considerably increased the uptake. Furthermore, cubilin-deficient mice exhibited markedly decreased uptake of albumin by proximal tubule cells and resultant albuminuria. Inactivation of both megalin and cubilin did not increase albuminuria, indicating that the main role of megalin in albumin reabsorption is to drive the internalization of cubilin-albumin complexes. In contrast, cubulin deficiency did not affect urinary tubular uptake or excretion of vitamin D-binding protein (DBP), which binds cubilin and megalin. In addition, we observed cubilin-independent reabsorption of the "specific" cubilin ligands transferrin, CC16, and apoA-I, suggesting a role for megalin and perhaps other receptors in their reabsorption. In summary, with regard to albumin, cubilin is essential for its reabsorption by proximal tubule cells, and megalin drives internalization of cubilin-albumin complexes. These genetic models will allow further analysis of protein trafficking in the progression of proteinuric renal diseases.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
193 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Serum albumin is a multi-functional protein that is able to bind and transport numerous endogenous and exogenous compounds. The development of albumin drug carriers is gaining increasing importance in the targeted delivery of cancer therapy, particularly as a result of the market approval of the paclitaxel-loaded albumin nanoparticle, Abraxane®. Considering this, there is renewed interest in isolating and characterizing albumin-binding proteins or receptors on the plasma membrane that are responsible for albumin uptake. Initially, the cellular uptake and intracellular localization of albumin was unknown due to the large confinement of the protein within the vascular and interstitial compartment of the body. Studies have since assessed the intracellular localization of albumin in order to understand the mechanisms and pathways responsible for its uptake, distribution and catabolism in multiple tissues, and this is reviewed herein.
    Frontiers in Physiology 08/2014; 5:299.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Intravital 2-photon microscopy, along with the development of fluorescent probes and innovative software, has rapidly advanced the study of intracellular and intercellular processes at the organ level. Researchers can quantify the distribution, behavior, and dynamic interactions of up to four labeled chemical probes and proteins simultaneously and repeatedly in four dimensions (3D + time) with subcellular resolution in real time. Transgenic fluorescently labeled proteins, delivery of plasmids, and photo-activatable probes enhance these possibilities. Thus, multi-photon microscopy has greatly extended our ability to understand cell biology intra-vitally at cellular and subcellular levels. For example, evaluation of rat surface glomeruli and accompanying proximal tubules has shown the long held paradigm regarding limited albumin filtration under physiologic conditions is to be questioned. Furthermore, the role of proximal tubules in determining albuminuria under physiologic and disease conditions was supported by direct visualization and quantitative analysis.
    Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association 01/2014; 125:343-57.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the most common cause of end-stage kidney disease in the USA and accounts for a significant increase in morbidity and mortality in patients with diabetes. Early detection is critical in improving clinical management. Although microalbuminuria is regarded as the gold standard for diagnosing the onset of DN, its predictive powers are limited. Consequently, great efforts have been made in recent years to identify better strategies for the detection of early stages of DN and progressive kidney function decline in diabetic patients. Here, we review the various urinary biomarkers that have emerged from these studies which hold promise as more sensitive diagnostic tools for the earlier detection of diabetic kidney disease and the prediction of progression to end-stage kidney disease. A number of key biomarkers present in the urine have been identified that reflect kidney injury at specific sites along the nephron, including glomerular/podocyte damage and tubular damage, oxidative stress, inflammation and activation of the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system. We also describe newer approaches, including urinary microRNAs, which are short noncoding mRNAs that regulate gene expression, and urine proteomics, that can be used to identify potential novel biomarkers in the development and progression of diabetic kidney disease.
    Pediatric Nephrology 07/2014; · 2.88 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
85 Downloads
Available from
May 29, 2014