Plasma parathyroid hormone and risk of congestive heart failure in the community.
ABSTRACT In experimental studies parathyroid hormone (PTH) has been associated with underlying causes of heart failure (HF) such as atherosclerosis, left ventricular hypertrophy, and myocardial fibrosis. Individuals with increased levels of PTH, such as primary or secondary hyperparathyroidism patients, have increased risk of ischaemic heart disease and HF. Moreover, increasing PTH is associated with worse prognosis in patients with overt HF. However, the association between PTH and the development HF in the community has not been reported.
In a prospective, community-based study of 864 elderly men without HF or valvular disease at baseline (mean age 71 years, the ULSAM study) the association between plasma (P)-PTH and HF hospitalization was investigated adjusted for established HF risk factors (myocardial infarction, hypertension, diabetes, electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy, smoking, and hypercholesterolaemia) and variables reflecting mineral metabolism (S-calcium, S-phosphate, P-vitamin D, S-albumin, dietary calcium and vitamin D intake, physical activity, glomerular filtration rate, and blood draw season). During follow-up (median 8 years), 75 individuals were hospitalized due to HF. In multivariable Cox-regression analyses, higher P-PTH was associated with increased HF hospitalization (hazard ratio for 1-SD increase of PTH, 1.41, 95% CI 1.12-1.77, P = 0.003). Parathyroid hormone also predicted hospitalization in participants without apparent ischaemic HF and in participants with normal P-PTH.
In a large community-based sample of elderly men, PTH predicted HF hospitalizations, also after accounting for established risk factors and mineral metabolism variables. Our data suggest a role for PTH in the development of HF even in the absence of overt hyperparathyroidism.
- SourceAvailable from: Tadafumi Sugimoto[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background:Secondary hyperparathyroidism develops as a compensatory response to chronic heart failure (HF) and renal failure. The role of parathyroid hormone (PTH) level in acute decompensated HF remains unclear. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate the relationships among mortality, renal function, and serum PTH level in acute decompensated HF patients.Methods and Results:A total of 266 consecutive patients admitted for acute decompensated HF without acute coronary syndrome (78±12 years; 48% male) were enrolled. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory characteristics were obtained on admission.During 1-year follow-up, 65 patients (24%) died. Serum PTH level on admission was within the normal range (10-65 pg/ml) in 108 patients (41%), of whom 39 (15%) had low-normal PTH (10-40 pg/ml). On Kaplan-Meier analysis all-cause mortality was significantly higher in patients with low-normal PTH than in those with high-normal (40-65 pg/ml) or high (>65 pg/ml) PTH (log-rank test). On univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis, low-normal PTH was significantly associated with increased all-cause mortality (unadjusted HR, 2.88; 95% CI: 1.69-4.91; P<0.001; adjusted HR, 3.84; 95% CI: 1.54-9.57; P=0.004).Conclusions:In patients with acute decompensated HF resulting in hospitalization, low-normal PTH on admission is associated with increased all-cause mortality, regardless of renal function.Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society. 09/2014;
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ABSTRACT: Objective: Heart failure (HF) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Low vitamin D status has been shown to be associated with increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. We planned to research the association between vitamin D, parathyroid hormone (PTH) and HF in elderly population.Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in the spring of 2013 among 2,047 community-dwelling healthy individuals, aged 60 to101 years. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] was measured by chemiluminescence assay. PTH levels were measured with an electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA) method.Results: A total of 2,047 participants, including 1,121 women (54.7%), were evaluated in 2013. The median concentrations of serum 25(OH)D and PTH for the entire group were 16.1 ng/mL and 41.5 pg/mL, respectively. Serum 25(OH)D and PTH levels were associated with serum N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels and left ventricular ejection fraction in a multivariate adjusted linear regression analysis (P <.05). In logistic regression analyses, serum 25(OH)D and PTH levels were associated with a risk of HF in single and multiple regression models (P <.05). Compared with patients with 25(OH)D levels 30.0-44.9 ng/mL, patients with 25(OH)D levels less than 10 ng/mL had a higher mean hazard ratio for HF: 2.88 (1.59-4.38).Conclusions: Serum 25(OH)D and PTH levels are independently associated with risk of HF in a Chinese elderly population.08/2014;
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ABSTRACT: Objectives It is unknown whether bone mineral density as a measure of osteoporosis is associated with development of heart failure. Background Recent evidence suggests shared risk factors between heart failure and osteoporosis. Additionally, patients with osteoporosis are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Methods We examined the prospective association of bone mineral density measured as broadband ultrasound attenuation by quantitative ultrasound of the heel with incident heart failure events in 13,666 apparently healthy persons 42 to 82 years of age participating in the EPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition) study in Norfolk, United Kingdom. Results During a mean follow-up of 9.3 years, 380 incident cases of heart failure occurred. The risk of heart failure decreased with increasing bone mineral density. The hazard ratios comparing each quartile with the lowest were 0.40 (95% confidence intervals [CI]: 0.27 to 0.59), 0.54 (95% CI: 0.37 to 0.79), and 0.46 (95% CI: 0.32 to 0.68) in analysis adjusting for age, sex, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, occupational social class, educational level, systolic blood pressure, diabetes, cholesterol concentration, and body mass index (p for trend = 0.002), with a 23% risk decrease associated with every increase in 1 standard deviation of bone mineral density (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.77; 95% CI: 0.66 to 0.89). The association was stronger with heart failure without (HR: 0.75; 95% CI: 0.63 to 0.89) than with antecedent myocardial infarction (HR: 0.82; 95% CI: 0.62 to 1.09). Conclusions We observed an inverse association between bone mineral density and the risk of heart failure in apparently healthy individuals. Our findings give support for cardiac assessment in people with reduced bone mineral density and warrant further exploration of underlying biological mechanisms linking osteoporosis and heart failure.JACC: Heart Failure. 01/2014;