Limonoids from the seeds of a Godavari mangrove, Xylocarpus moluccensis.
ABSTRACT Ten limonoids, named godavarins A-J (1-7, 9-11), were isolated from seeds of an Indian mangrove (Xylocarpus moluccensis) collected in the mangrove wetlands of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh. Eight known limonoids, viz. xyloccensins L (8), P (12), Q (13), mexicanolide (14), 6-deoxy-3-detigloyl-swietenine acetate (15), fissinolide (16), methyl 3β-acetoxy-1-oxomeliaca-8(30),14-dienoate (17), and methyl 3β-acetoxy-1-oxomeliaca-8(9),14-dienoate (18), were also obtained. The structures of these compounds were established on the basis of spectroscopic data or comparison with data in the literature (known compounds). The stereostructure of godavarin D was confirmed by means of single-crystal X-ray analysis. Godavarins A-C are the first mexicanolide derivatives with a C₇-C₂₈ ester-linked δ-lactone ring, while godavarins D-G are further additions to the small group of limonoids with a C₁-C₂₉ oxygen bridge. Godavarin H is a phragmalin with five acetoxy groups. Two limonoids, mexicanolide and fissinolide, were found to exhibit marked antifeedant activity against the third-instar larvae of Brontispa longissima (Gestro) at a concentration of 0.5 mg/mL. The most potent compound was mexicanolide. It also showed moderate insecticidal activity.
SourceAvailable from: Kishore K Chiruvella[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Drug resistance to human infectious diseases caused by pathogens lead to premature deaths through out the world. Plants are sources for wide variety of drugs used for treating various diseases. Systematic screening of medicinal plants for the search of new antimicrobial drug candidates that can inhibit the growth of pathogens or kill with no toxicity to host is being continued by many laboratories. Here we review the phytochemical investigations and biological activities of Meliaceae. The mahogany (Meliaceae) is family of timber trees with rich source for limonoids. So far, amongst the different members of Meliaceae, Azadirachta indica and Melia dubia have been identified as the potential plant systems possessing a vast array of biologically active compounds which are chemically diverse and structurally complex. Despite biological activities on different taxa of Meliaceae have been carried out, the information of antibacterial and antifungal activity is a meager with exception to Azadirachta indica. Together we provide new insights of Meliaceae members demonstrating as a potential source as antimicrobial agents using in vitro studies.Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia 02/2015; 30. DOI:10.1016/j.bjp.2014.11.009 · 0.80 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Three new compounds, including two diterpenoids, nemoralisins H and I (1 and 2), and a limonoid, 2-methoxy khayseneganin E (3), along with four known constituents (4-7), were isolated from the leaves and twigs of Swietenia mahagoni. Their chemical structures were elucidated by means of spectroscopic analysis. The cytotoxities of these isolated constituents were assayed.02/2014; 4:53-57. DOI:10.1007/s13659-014-0006-6
Phytochemistry Letters 08/2013; 6(3):482-485. DOI:10.1016/j.phytol.2013.06.005 · 1.54 Impact Factor