Article

Influence of the flavonoids apigenin, kaempferol, and quercetin on the function of organic anion transporting polypeptides 1A2 and 2B1.

Institute of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Fahrstraße 17, 91054 Erlangen, Germany.
Biochemical pharmacology (Impact Factor: 4.25). 12/2010; 80(11):1746-53. DOI: 10.1016/j.bcp.2010.08.008
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT OATP1A2 and OATP2B1 are uptake transporters of the human organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP) family with a broad substrate spectrum including several endogenous compounds as well as drugs such as the antihistaminic drug fexofenadine and HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors. Both transporters are localized in the apical membrane of human enterocytes. Flavonoids, abundantly occurring in plants, have previously been shown to interact with drug metabolizing enzymes and transporters. However, the impact of flavonoids on OATP1A2 and OATP2B1 transport function has not been analyzed in detail. Therefore, HEK293 cell lines stably expressing OATP1A2 and OATP2B1 were used to investigate the influence of the Ginkgo flavonoids apigenin, kaempferol, and quercetin on the transport activity of OATP1A2 and OATP2B1. K(i) values of all three flavonoids determined from Dixon plot analyses using BSP as substrate indicated a competitive inhibition with quercetin as the most potent inhibitor of OATP1A2 (22.0μM) and OATP2B1 (8.7μM) followed by kaempferol (OATP1A2: 25.2μM, OATP2B1: 15.1μM) and apigenin (OATP1A2: 32.4μM OATP2B1: 20.8μM). Apigenin, kaempferol, and quercetin led to a concentration-dependent decrease of the OATP1A2-mediated fexofenadine transport with IC(50) values of 4.3μM, 12.0μM, and 12.6μM, respectively. The OATP1A2- and OATP2B1-mediated transport of atorvastatin was also efficiently inhibited by apigenin (IC(50) for OATP1A2: 9.3μM, OATP2B1: 13.9μM), kaempferol (IC(50) for OATP1A2: 37.3μM, OATP2B1: 20.7μM) and quercetin (IC(50) for OATP1A2: 13.5μM, OATP2B1: 14.1μM). These data indicate that modification of OATP1A2 and OATP2B1 transport activity by apigenin, kaempferol, and quercetin may be a mechanism for food-drug or drug-drug interactions in humans.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
143 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Flavonoids such as quercetin and kaempferol mediate several health protective effects, e.g., anticancer effects. They are inhibitors of organic anion transporting polypeptides (OATP) and organic cation transporters (e.g., OCT2). However, little is known whether such transporters contribute to the cellular uptake of flavonoids. Therefore, we investigated the cellular uptake of kaempferol and quercetin using HEK293 cell lines stably expressing different human OATPs or OCT1. Kaempferol was not a substrate of any of the investigated transporters (OATP1A2, OATP1B1, OATP1B3, OATP2A1, OATP2B1, OATP3A1, OATP4A1, OATP5A1, and OCT1). Quercetin showed a significantly higher uptake into the HEK293-OATP1A2, HEK293-OATP2A1, HEK293-OATP2B1, and HEK293-OCT1 cells compared to control cells. The OATP1A2-, OATP2B1-, and OCT1-mediated quercetin uptake was inhibited by known inhibitors such as naringin, cyclosporin A, and quinidine, respectively. The cellular accumulation of quercetin into HEK293-OATP2A1 cells was not inhibited by prostaglandin E2 and diclofenac. The ionophore carbonyl cyanide 4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenylhydrazone (FCCP) reduced the net uptake of quercetin by increasing the uptake in the HEK293-control cells and causing no significant change in the HEK293-OATP2B1 cells indicating that quercetin follows the FCCP-driven proton flux through the plasma membrane. In addition to passive diffusion, the SLC transporters OATP1A2, OATP2B1, and OCT1 contribute to cellular accumulation of quercetin.
    Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology. 06/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The evaluation of oxidative burst is particularly relevant in many pathological and subclinical conditions. Flow cytometry provides quick and accurate measures of the reactive oxygen species production by leukocytes in most situations. However, spurious results, related to probes' efflux may be observed in several instances. Many factors affect the evaluation of the oxidative burst with fluorescent probes that require intracellular deacetylation and could be substrate of the multidrug resistance proteins (MDR). After discussing the implications of the efflux of fluorophores in the normalization strategies in flow cytometry assays, we have pointed out the possible interference of flavonoids with fluorescet probes' staining and signal. We have also reviewed the results from human intervention studies regarding the evaluation of oxidative burst with these probes. In vitro, at concentrations close to post-ingestion circulating levels, some flavonoids and their metabolites could interfere with probes' staining and fluorescence signal through different mechanisms, such as the inhibition of esterases, the modulation of the MDR-mediate efflux of probe and the inhibition of the oxidation of probe. These effects may explain the contrasting results obtained by human intervention studies. Finally, also inflammatory state or the use of drugs substrate of MDR proteins could affect the evaluation of the oxidative burst with intracellular probes. © 2014 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry
    Cytometry Part A 05/2014; · 3.71 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The human organic anion transporting polypeptide 1A2 (OATP1A2) is an important membrane protein that mediates the cellular influx of various substances including drugs. Previous studies have shown that PDZ-domain containing proteins, especially PDZK1 and NHERF1, regulate the function of related membrane transporters in other mammalian species. This study investigated the role of PDZK1 and NHERF1 in the regulation of OATP1A2 in an in vitro cell model. Transporter function and protein expression were assessed in OATP1A2-transfected HEK-293 cells that co-expressed PDZK1 or NHERF1. Substrate (estrone-3-sulfate) uptake by OATP1A2 was significantly increased to ∼1.6- (PDZK1) and ∼1.8- (NHERF1) fold of control; this was dependent on the putative PDZ-binding domain within the C-terminus of OATP1A2. The functional increase of OATP1A2 following PDZK1 or NHERF1 over-expression was associated with increased transporter expression at the plasma membrane and in the whole cell, and was reflected by an increase in the apparent maximal velocity of estrone-3-sulfate uptake (Vmax: 138.9±4.1 (PDZK1) and 181.4±16.7 (NHERF1) versus 55.5±3.2 pmol*(µg*4 min)-1 in control; P<0.01). Co-immunoprecipitation analysis indicated that the regulatory actions of PDZK1 and NHERF1 were mediated by direct interaction with OATP1A2 protein. In further experiments PDZK1 and NHERF1 modulated OATP1A2 expression by decreasing its internalization in a clathrin-dependent (but caveolin-independent) manner. Additionally, PDZK1 and NHERF1 enhanced the stability of OATP1A2 protein in HEK-293 cells. The present findings indicated that PDZK1 and NHERF1 regulate the transport function of OATP1A2 by modulating protein internalization via a clathrin-dependent pathway and by enhancing protein stability.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(4):e94712. · 3.53 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
24 Downloads
Available from
Jun 4, 2014