Article

# On the nature of Bose-Einstein condensation enhanced by localization

Journal of Mathematical Physics (Impact Factor: 1.3). 06/2010; DOI: 10.1063/1.3488965

Source: arXiv

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**ABSTRACT:**This article gives a rigorous analysis of the fluctuations of the Bose-Einstein condensate for a system of non-interacting bosons in an arbitrary potential, assuming that the system is governed by the canonical ensemble. As a result of the analysis, we are able to tell the order of fluctuations of the condensate fraction as well as its limiting distribution upon proper centering and scaling. This yields interesting results. For example, for a system of $n$ bosons in a 3D harmonic trap near the transition temperature, the order of fluctuations of the condensate fraction is $n^{-1/2}$ and the limiting distribution is normal, whereas for the 3D uniform Bose gas, the order of fluctuations is $n^{-1/3}$ and the limiting distribution is an explicit non-normal distribution. For a 2D harmonic trap, the order of fluctuations is $n^{-1/2}(\log n)^{1/2}$, which is larger than $n^{-1/2}$ but the limiting distribution is still normal. All of these results come as easy consequences of a general theorem.06/2013; - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**We study the effects of random scatterers on the ground state of the one-dimensional Lieb-Liniger model of interacting bosons on the unit interval in the Gross-Pitaevskii regime. We prove that Bose Einstein condensation survives even a strong random potential with a high density of scatterers. The character of the wave function of the condensate, however, depends in an essential way on the interplay between randomness and the strength of the two-body interaction. For low density of scatterers or strong interactions the wave function extends over the whole interval. High density of scatterers and weak interaction, on the other hand, leads to localization of the wave function in a fragmented subset of the interval.Journal of Statistical Mechanics Theory and Experiment 07/2012; 2012(11). · 1.87 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**We study the effects of random scatterers on the ground state of the one-dimensional Lieb-Liniger model of interacting bosons on the unit interval in the Gross-Pitaevskii regime. We prove that Bose Einstein condensation survives even a strong random potential with a high density of scatterers. The character of the wave function of the condensate, however, depends in an essential way on the interplay between randomness and the strength of the two-body interaction. For low density of scatterers or strong interactions the wave function extends over the whole interval. High density of scatterers and weak interaction, on the other hand, leads to localization of the wave function in a fragmented subset of the interval.09/2012;

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