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# Inflation and late time acceleration in braneworld cosmological models with varying brane tension

European Physical Journal C (Impact Factor: 5.44). 05/2010; 68(1). DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-010-1348-9

Source: arXiv

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Ki Cheong Wong, Feb 27, 2014 Available from: Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.

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**ABSTRACT:**We study brane-world models with variable brane tension and compute corrections to the horizon of a black string along the extra dimension. The four-dimensional geometry of the black string on the brane is obtained by means of the minimal geometric deformation approach, and the bulk corrections are then encoded in additional terms involving the covariant derivatives of the variable brane tension. Our investigation shows that the variable brane tension strongly affects the shape and evolution of the black string horizon along the extra dimension, at least in a near-brane expansion. In particular, we apply our general analysis to a model motivated by the Eötvös branes, where the variable brane tension is related to the Friedmann–Robertson–Walker brane-world cosmology. We show that for some stages in the evolution of the universe, the black string warped horizon collapses to a point and the black string has correspondingly finite extent along the extra dimension. Furthermore, we show that in the minimal geometric deformation of a black hole on the variable tension brane, the black string has a throat along the extra dimension, whose area tends to zero as time goes to infinity.Classical and Quantum Gravity 01/2014; 31(4):045016. DOI:10.1088/0264-9381/31/4/045016 · 3.10 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**The brane world description of our universe entails a large extra dimension and a fundamental scale of gravity that may be lower than the Planck scale by several orders of magnitude. An interesting consequence of this scenario occurs in the nature of spherically-symmetric vacuum solutions to the brane gravitational field equations, which often have properties quite distinct from the standard black hole solutions of general relativity. In this paper, the spherically-symmetric collapse on the brane world of four types of null fluid, governed by the barotropic, polytropic, strange quark "bag" model and Hagedorn equations of state, is investigated. In each case, we solve the approximate gravitational field equations, obtained in the high density limit, determine the equation which governs the formation of apparent horizons and investigate the conditions for the formation of naked singularities. Though, naively, one would expect the increased effective energy density on the brane to favor the formation of black holes over naked singularities, we find that, for the types of fluid considered, this is not the case. However, the black hole solutions differ substantially from their general-relativistic counterparts and brane world corrections often play a role analogous to charge in general relativity. As a possible astrophysical application of this work, the possibility that energy emission from a Hagedorn fluid collapsing to form a naked singularity may be a source of GRBs in the brane world is also considered.Physical Review D 12/2013; 89(6). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevD.89.064038 · 4.86 Impact Factor - [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**We carefully investigate the modified Einstein’s field equation in a 4-dimensional (3-brane) arbitrary manifold embedded in a 5-dimensional non-Riemannian bulk spacetime with a noncompact extra dimension. In this context the Israel-Darmois matching conditions are extended assuming that the torsion in the bulk is continuous. The discontinuity in the torsion first derivatives are related to the matter distribution through the field equation. In addition, we develop a model that describes a flat FLRW model embedded in a 5-dimensional de Sitter or anti–de Sitter, where a 5-dimensional cosmological constant emerges from the torsion.Physical review D: Particles and fields 03/2011; 83(6). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevD.83.064019 · 4.86 Impact Factor