Multicomponent Dark Matter in Supersymmetric Hidden Sector Extensions

Physical review D: Particles and fields (Impact Factor: 4.86). 04/2010; 81(9). DOI: 10.1103/PHYSREVD.81.095017
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT Most analyses of dark matter within supersymmetry assume the entire cold dark matter arising only from weakly interacting neutralinos. We study a new class of models consisting of $U(1)^n$ hidden sector extensions of the MSSM that includes several stable particles, both fermionic and bosonic, which can be interpreted as constituents of dark matter. In one such class of models, dark matter is made up of both a Majorana dark matter particle, i.e., a neutralino, and a Dirac fermion with the current relic density of dark matter as given by WMAP being composed of the relic density of the two species. These models can explain the PAMELA positron data and are consistent with the anti-proton flux data, as well as the photon data from FERMI-LAT. Further, it is shown that such models can also simultaneously produce spin independent cross sections which can be probed in CDMS-II, XENON-100 and other ongoing dark matter experiments. The implications of the models at the LHC and at the NLC are also briefly discussed. Comment: Journal: Physical Review D, Latex 32 pages, 4 eps figures

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    ABSTRACT: We propose and study a new minimal model for two-component dark matter. The model contains only three additional fields, one fermion and two scalars, all singlets under the Standard Model gauge group. Two of these fields, one fermion and one scalar, are odd under a $Z_2$ symmetry that renders them simultaneously stable. Thus, both particles contribute to the observed dark matter density. This model resembles the union of the singlet scalar and the singlet fermionic models but it contains some new features of its own. We analyze in some detail its dark matter phenomenology. Regarding the relic density, the main novelty is the possible annihilation of one dark matter particle into the other, which can affect the predicted relic density in a significant way. Regarding dark matter detection, we identify a new contribution that can lead either to an enhancement or to a suppression of the spin-independent cross section for the scalar dark matter particle. Finally, we define a set of five benchmarks models compatible with all present bounds and examine their direct detection prospects at planned experiments. A generic feature of this model is that both particles give rise to observable signals in 1-ton direct detection experiments. In fact, such experiments will be able to probe even a subdominant dark matter component at the percent level.
    Journal of High Energy Physics 06/2014; 2014(9). DOI:10.1007/JHEP09(2014)108 · 6.22 Impact Factor
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    Physical Review D 03/2010; DOI:10.1103/PhysRevD.82.015007 · 4.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We show that in some classes of hidden-sector models, in which the connection bridge to the Standard Model (SM) is via Z-Z' mixing, an effective coupling can be generated between the fermionic dark matter particle and the SM Higgs boson through a triangular loop of Z and/or Z' bosons. It therefore can contribute to the spin-independent scattering cross section of dark matter that may be measurable with direct detection experiments. We show that the result is consistent with the most recent CDMS II limits. We use the Stueckelberg Z' model for illustration, though the result we obtain is rather general and applicable to other Z-Z' portal-type hidden-sector models as well. For the milli-charged Dirac dark matter in the Stueckelberg model, we also discuss the contributions from the vector couplings of the dark matter with the neutral gauge bosons. Comment: 11 pages, 1 figure, improved and updated version


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