Article

# Neutrino Masses and A TeV Scale Seesaw Mechanism

Physical review D: Particles and fields 03/2010; DOI:10.1103/PhysRevD.82.016008
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT A simple extension of the Standard Model providing TeV scale seesaw mechanism is presented. Beside the Standard Model particles and right-handed Majorana neutrinos, the model contains a singly charged scalar, an extra Higgs doublet and three vector like singly charged fermions. In our model, Dirac neutrino mass matrix raises only at the loop level. Small but non-zero Majorana neutrino masses come from integrating out heavy Majorana neutrinos, which can be at the TeV scale. The phenomenologies of the model are investigated, including scalar mass spectrum, neutrino masses and mixings, lepton flavor violations, heavy neutrino magnetic moments as well as possible collider signatures of the model at the LHC. Comment: 13 pages, 4 figures. references added

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ABSTRACT: It is shown that the Majorana nature of the heavy neutrinos N j having masses in the range of M j ~ (100 - 1000) GeV and present in the TeV scale type I and inverse see-saw scenarios of neutrino mass generation, is unlikely to be observable in the currently operating and future planned accelerator experiments (including LHC) due to the existence of very strong constraints on the parameters and couplings responsible for the corresponding ∣ΔL∣= 2 processes, L being the total lepton charge. If the heavy Majorana neutrinos N j are observed and they are associated only with the type I or inverse see-saw mechanisms and no additional TeV scale “new physics”, they will behave like Dirac fermions to a relatively high level of precision, being actually pseudo-Dirac particles. The observation of effects proving the Majorana nature of N j would imply that these heavy neutrinos have additional relatively strong couplings to the Standard Model particles (as, e.g. in the type III see-saw scenario), or that light neutrino masses compatible with the observations are generated by a mechanism other than see-saw (e.g., radiatively at one or two loop level) in which the heavy Majorana neutrinos N j are nevertheless involved.
Journal of High Energy Physics 01/2010; 2010(9):1-26. · 5.62 Impact Factor
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##### Article: A simple model of gauged lepton and baryon charges
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ABSTRACT: We argue that simpler fermionic contents, responsible for the extension of the standard model with gauged lepton and baryon charges, can be constructed by assuming existence of so-called leptoquarks (j,k) with exotic electric charges q_j=1/2, q_k=-1/2. Some new features in our model are that (i) as the natural consequences of anomaly cancelation the right-handed neutrinos exist, and the number of the observed fermion families is equal to the number of the fundamental colors; (ii) although the lepton and baryon charges are conserved, the neutrinos can obtain small masses through the type I seesaw mechanism in similarity to the standard context, and the baryogenesis can be generated in several cases. They all are natural results due to the spontaneous breaking of these charges. Some constraints on the new physics via flavor changing and related phenomenologies such as the stable scalar with anomalous electric charge and interested processes at colliders are also discussed.
10/2010;
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##### Article: Effective Lagrangian approach to neutrinoless double beta decay and neutrino masses
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ABSTRACT: Neutrinoless double beta ($0\nu\beta\beta$) decay can in general produce electrons of either chirality, in contrast with the minimal Standard Model (SM) extension with only the addition of the Weinberg operator, which predicts two left-handed electrons in the final state. We classify the lepton number violating (LNV) effective operators with two leptons of either chirality but no quarks, ordered according to the magnitude of their contribution to \znbb decay. We point out that, for each of the three chirality assignments, $e_Le_L, e_Le_R$ and $e_Re_R$, there is only one LNV operator of the corresponding type to lowest order, and these have dimensions 5, 7 and 9, respectively. Neutrino masses are always induced by these extra operators but can be delayed to one or two loops, depending on the number of RH leptons entering in the operator. Then, the comparison of the $0\nu\beta\beta$ decay rate and neutrino masses should indicate the effective scenario at work, which confronted with the LHC searches should also eventually decide on the specific model elected by nature. We also list the SM additions generating these operators upon integration of the heavy modes, and discuss simple realistic examples of renormalizable theories for each case.
Journal of High Energy Physics 04/2012; 2012(6). · 5.62 Impact Factor