Gap structure in the electron-doped Iron-Arsenide Superconductor Ba(Fe0.92Co0.08)2As2: low-temperature specific heat study

New Journal of Physics (Impact Factor: 4.06). 01/2010; DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/12/2/023006
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT We report the field and temperature dependence of the low-temperature specific heat down to 400 mK and in magnetic fields up to 9 T of the electron-doped Ba(Fe0.92Co0.08)2As2 superconductor. Using the phonon specific heat obtained from pure BaFe2As2 we find the normal state Sommerfeld coefficient to be 18 mJ/mol.K^2 and a condensation energy of 1.27 J/mol. The temperature dependence of the electronic specific heat clearly indicate the presence of the low-energy excitations in the system. The magnetic field variation of field-induced specific heat cannot be described by single clean s- or d-wave models. Rather, the data require an anisotropic gap scenario which may or may not have nodes. We discuss the implications of these results. Comment: New Journal of Physics in press, 10 pages, 5 figures

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    ABSTRACT: Measurements of London penetration depth are a sensitive tool to study multi-band superconductivity and it has provided several important insights to the behavior of Fe-based superconductors. We first briefly review the "experimentalist - friendly" self-consistent Eilenberger model that relates the measurable superfluid density and structure of superconducting gaps. Then we focus on the \BaFe -derived materials, for which the results are consistent with 1) two distinct superconducting gaps; 2) development of strong in-plane gap anisotropy with the departure from the optimal doping; 3) appearance of gap nodes along the $c-$direction in a highly overdoped regime; 4) significant pair-breaking, presumably due to charge doping; 5) fully gapped (exponential) intrinsic behavior at the optimal doping if scattering is removed (probed in the "self-doped" stoichiometric LiFeAs); 6) competition between magnetically ordered state and superconductivity, which do coexist in the underdoped compounds. Overall, it appears that while there are common trends in the behavior of Fe-based superconductors, the gap structure is non-universal and is sensitive to the doping level. It is plausible that the rich variety of possible gap structures within the general $s_{\pm}$ framework is responsible for the observed behavior.
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