MgO barrier-perpendicular magnetic tunnel junctions with CoFe/Pd multilayers and ferromagnetic insertion layers

Applied Physics Letters (Impact Factor: 3.79). 10/2009;
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT The authors studied an effect of ferromagnetic (Co20Fe60B20 or Fe) layer insertion on tunnel magnetoresistance (TMR) properties of MgO-barrier magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) with CoFe/Pd multilayer electrodes. TMR ratio in MTJs with CoFeB/MgO/Fe stack reached 67% at an-nealing temperature (Ta) of 200 degree C and then decreased rapidly at Ta over 250 degree C. The degradation of the TMR ratio may be related to crystallization of CoFe(B) into fcc(111) or bcc(011) texture result-ing from diffusion of B into Pd layers. MTJs which were in-situ annealed at 350oC just after depo-siting bottom CoFe/Pd multilayer showed TMR ratio of 78% by post annealing at Ta =200 degree C. Comment: 12 pages, 4 figures

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    ABSTRACT: In order to enhance the magnetoresistance (MR) of perpendicular magnetic tunnel junctions (pMTJs) based on MnGa alloys, a single ferromagnetic layer such as Fe and Co was previously inserted between MnGa and MgO barrier. In this study, to further enhance the spin-filter effect, we introduced a Fe/Co bilayer as an interlayer in the MnGa/MgO interface. Compared to the single Co interlayer, an apparent MR ratio enhancement was obtained when Fe layer thickness was around 0.3 nm for pMTJs with MnGa compositions of Mn57Ga43, Mn62Ga38, and Mn70Ga30, and the maximum MR ratio reaches 50% at room temperature. In addition, inverted magnetoresistance loops were observed due to the antiparallel alignment of the magnetic moments of Co and MnGa layers separated by the thin Fe layer.
    Journal of Applied Physics 10/2013; 114:163913. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Using first-principles calculations, we elucidate microscopic mechanisms of perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA)in Fe/MgO magnetic tunnel junctions through evaluation of orbital and layer resolved contributions into the total anisotropy value. It is demonstrated that the origin of the large PMA values is far beyond simply considering the hybridization between Fe-3d$ and O-2p orbitals at the interface between the metal and the insulator. On-site projected analysis show that the anisotropy energy is not localized at the interface but it rather propagates into the bulk showing an attenuating oscillatory behavior which depends on orbital character of contributing states and interfacial conditions. Furthermore, it is found in most situations that states with $d_{yz(xz)}$ and $d_{z^2}$ character tend always to maintain the PMA while those with $d_{xy}$ and $d_{x^2-y^2}$ character tend to favor the in-plane anisotropy. It is also found that while MgO thickness has no influence on PMA, the calculated perpendicular magnetic anisotropy oscillates as a function of Fe thickness with a period of 2ML and reaches a maximum value of 3.6 mJ/m$^2$.
    Physical Review B 08/2013; 88(18):184423. · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Junction size (D) dependence of thermal stability (Δ) factor and intrinsic critical current (IC0) were investigated for MgO/CoFeB/Ta/CoFeB/MgO recording structure in magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) having a CoFeB reference layer and a synthetic ferrimagnetic (SyF) reference layer. Δ of the recording structure shows almost constant value down to 40 nm, whereas IC0 shows a linear dependence on the recording layer area, as similarly observed in recording structure with single-interface. Average absolute intrinsic critical current density is 3.5 MA/cm2, which is comparable to previously reported value for recording structure with single-interface. A MgO/CoFeB(1.4)/Ta(0.4)/CoFeB(1.0)/MgO double-interface recording structure in MTJ with SyF reference layer shows Δ of 59 at D = 29 nm.
    IEEE Transactions on Magnetics 07/2013; 49(7):4437-4440. · 1.42 Impact Factor

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