Pyroelectric response of ferroelectric nanoparticles: size effect and electric energy harvesting

Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT The size effect on pyroelectric response of ferroelectric nanowires and nanotubes is analyzed. The pyroelectric coefficient strongly increases with the wire radius decrease and diverges at critical radius Rcr corresponding to the size-driven transition into paraelectric phase. Size-driven enhancement of pyroelectric coupling leads to the giant pyroelectric current and voltage generation by the polarized ferroelectric nanoparticles in response to the temperature fluctuation. The maximum efficiency of the pyroelectric energy harvesting and bolometric detection is derived, and is shown to approach the Carnot limit for low temperatures. Comment: 17 pages, 4 figures, 1 Appendix

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    ABSTRACT: We predict that ferroelectric phase can be induced by the strong intrinsic surface stress inevitably present under the curved surface in the high aspect ratio cylindrical nanoparticles of nonferroelectric binary oxides (BaO, EuO, MgO, etc). We calculated the sizes and temperature range of the ferroelectric phase in BaO nanowires. The analytical calculations were performed within Landau-Ginzburg-Devonshire theory with phenomenological parameters extracted from the first principle calculations [E. Bousquet et al, Strain-induced ferroelectricity in simple rocksalt binary oxides. arXiv:0906.4235v1] and tabulated experimental data. In accordance with our calculations BaO nanowires of radius ~(1-10) nm can be ferroelectric at room temperature (with spontaneous polarization values up to 0.5 C/m2) for the typical surface stress coefficients ~ (10-50) N/m. We hope that our prediction can stimulate both experimental studies of rocksalt binary oxides nanoparticles polar properties as well as the first principle calculations of their spontaneous dipole moment induced by the intrinsic stress under the curved surface. Comment: 13 pages, 3 figure, 2 tables, 1 appendix
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