Physics with the ALICE Electromagnetic Calorimeter

Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT I will present physics measurements which are achievable in the ALICE experiment at the LHC through the inclusion of a new electromagnetic calorimeter. I will focus on jet measurements in proton proton and heavy ion collisions. Detailed simulations have been performed on jet reconstruction, jet triggering, heavy flavor jet reconstruction through electron identification, gamma-jet reconstruction and the measurements of identified hadrons and resonances in jets. I will show the physics capabilities which are made possible through the combination of calorimeter information with the other detector components in ALICE. Comment: 12 pages, 8 figures, Proceedings for the 25th Winter Workshop on Nuclear Dynamics, Big Sky, Montana (USA), February 1-8, 2009

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    ABSTRACT: We discuss the flavor of leading jet partons as a valuable probe of nuclear matter. We point out that the coupling of jets to nuclear matter naturally leads to an alteration of jet chemistry even at high transverse momentum $p_T$. In particular, QCD jets coupling to a chemically equilibrated quark gluon plasma in nuclear collisions, will lead to hadron ratios at high transverse momentum $p_T$ that can differ significantly from their counterparts in $p+p$ collisions. Flavor measurements could complement energy loss as a way to study interactions of hard QCD jets with nuclear matter. Roughly speaking they probe the inverse mean free path $1/\lambda$, while energy loss probes the average squared momentum transfer $\mu^2/\lambda$. We present some estimates for the rate of jet conversions in a consistent Fokker-Planck framework and their impact on future high-$p_T$ identified hadron measurements at RHIC and LHC. We also suggest some novel observables to test flavor effects.
    Physical Review C 02/2008; · 3.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The suppression of large transverse momentum hadrons in heavy-ion (A-A) collisions as compared to their scaled expectation from proton-proton collisions due to the interaction of hard partons with the hot and dense QCD medium in A-A collisions is experimentally a well established phenomenon. Focusing on leading hadrons produced in hard processes, the medium effect appears as energy loss. Beyond that, the question is how the lost energy is redistributed in the medium. With increased experimental statistics and most importantly the kinematic range of the LHC, studying the properties of full jets rather than leading hadrons is becoming feasible. On the theory side, analytic models and Monte-Carlo (MC) codes for in-medium shower evolution are being developed to describe jets in the medium. In this paper, expectations for medium-modified jet observables, the jet shapes, the thrust distribution and the n-jet fraction, are computed with the MC code YaJEM for various scenarios of the parton-medium interaction which all are consistent with high P_T hadron suppression data. The computation is done at 20 and 100 GeV jet energy, corresponding to probing typical RHIC and LHC kinematics, and the possibility to make an unbiased measurement of the observables is discussed. Comment: 10 pages, 8 figures, submitted to PRC
    Physical Review C 06/2009; · 3.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Particle identification (PID) capabilities are studied by using the Time Projection Chamber (TPC) and a Time-Of-Flight (TOF) detector together at STAR. The identification capability of charged hadrons is greatly extended compared with that achieved by TPC and TOF separately. Particle spectra from p+p, d+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$ GeV and Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=62.4$ GeV are used to develop the methods. The transverse momentum ($p_T$) ranges of $\pi$, and $p(\bar{p})$ identification are from $\sim0.3$ GeV/$c$ to $\sim10$ GeV/$c$. The high $p_T$ reach is limited by statistics in current data sets. An important conceptual advance was developed to identify electrons by using a combination of dE/dx in TPC and velocity information from the TOF detectors, which is important for future low-mass dilepton program at STAR.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment 05/2005; 558(2). · 1.32 Impact Factor

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