Measurement of the double beta decay half-life of Nd-150 and search for neutrinoless decay modes with the NEMO-3 detector

Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT The half-life for two-neutrino double beta decay of Nd-150 has been measured with data taken by the NEMO 3 experiment at the Modane Underground Laboratory. The limits are also set on the half-life of different neutrinoless double beta decay of this isotope. Comment: PhD thesis, the University of Manchester

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    ABSTRACT: T2K, the long baseline neutrino experiment from J-PARC in Tokai to Kamioka (Japan), aims to precisely measure the last unknown neutrino mixing angle, θ13, by the observation of νμ → νe appearance. The goal is also to refine the measurements of {$\{\delta m^2_{23},\theta_{23}\}$ by studying νμ disappearance. Last year T2K published results claiming a strong indication of a nonzero value of $\theta_{13}$. Although not statistically significant enough to claim a discovery, they constitute the first evidence of $\theta_{13}\neq0$. It is also the first experiment to observe νe appearance. In T2K, the neutrino beam is generated by the J-PARC high intensity 30 GeV (kinetic energy) proton beam interacting in a 90 cm long graphite target to produce π and K mesons, which decay into neutrinos. The resulting neutrino beam is aimed towards a near detector complex, 280 m from the target, and to the Super-Kamiokande (SK) far detector located 295 km away at 2.5 degrees off-axis from the π and K beam. Neutrino oscillations are probed by comparing the neutrino event rates measured in SK to the predictions of a Monte-Carlo simulation based on flux calculations and near detector event rates. The flux calculations are generally based on hadron production models tuned to sparse available data, resulting in systematic uncertanties which are large and difficult to evaluate. In order to provide more precise and reliable estimates, direct measurements with the NA61/SHINE (SHINE ≡ SPS Heavy Ion and Neutrino Experiment) spectrometer at the CERN-SPS were conducted. We collected the first reference set of protoncarbon interactions, with the beam set at the T2K proton beam energy (30 GeV), in the fall of 2007. We published first results of charged pion cross-sections in early 2011 and positively charged kaon cross-sections in January 2012. As we shall see, the results have been of considerable benefit for T2K. The first chapter of this thesis provides a general introduction to neutrino oscillation and summarizes the status of the main ongoing experiments in the field. T2K is then described in more details, with emphasis on its needs for reference hadron production data. The NA61/SHINE detector is presented in Chapter 3 along with a summary of the tracking and detector simulation. The Chapter after that, covers the construction, calibration and achieved performances of the ToF-F detector. I then give a detailed description of the analysis that lead to the first charged pion and K+ cross-section measurements in proton-carbon interactions at 31 GeV/c. Charged pions generate most of the low energy neutrinos and positively charged kaons generate the high energy tail of the T2K neutrino beam. The latter also contribute substantially to the intrinsic νe background of the T2K beam. As will be demonstrated, the pion results have significantly contributed to reduce the systematic uncertainties of the first T2K νe appearance results. The K+ measurements are also widely expected to benefit the forthcoming results. Knowledge of proton production is also important since protons contribute to the neutrino flux through target re-interactions. The proton spectra obtained with the same tof-dE/dx method are given as an appendix.
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    ABSTRACT: The search for neutrinoless double beta decay is a very active field in which the number of proposals for next-generation experiments has proliferated. In this paper we attempt to address both the sense and the sensitivity of such proposals. Sensitivity comes first, by means of proposing a simple and unambiguous statistical recipe to derive the sensitivity to a putative Majorana neutrino mass, mββ. In order to make sense of how the different experimental approaches compare, we apply this recipe to a selection of proposals, comparing the resulting sensitivities. We also propose a ``physics-motivated range'' (PMR) of the nuclear matrix elements as a unifying criterium between the different nuclear models. The expected performance of the proposals is parametrized in terms of only four numbers: energy resolution, background rate (per unit time, isotope mass and energy), detection efficiency, and ββ isotope mass. For each proposal, both a reference and an optimistic scenario for the experimental performance are studied. In the reference scenario we find that all the proposals will be able to partially explore the degenerate spectrum, without fully covering it, although four of them (KamLAND-Zen, CUORE, NEXT and EXO) will approach the 50 meV boundary. In the optimistic scenario, we find that CUORE and the xenon-based proposals (KamLAND-Zen, EXO and NEXT) will explore a significant fraction of the inverse hierarchy, with NEXT covering it almost fully. For the long term future, we argue that 136Xe-based experiments may provide the best case for a 1-ton scale experiment, given the potentially very low backgrounds achievable and the expected scalability to large isotope masses.
    Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics 06/2011; 2011(06):007. · 6.04 Impact Factor
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