Stereotactic robot-guided biopsies of brain stem lesions: Experience with 15 cases
ABSTRACT Biopsies of brain stem lesions are useful for histopathological analysis, which guide appropriate treatment. The frame-based stereotactic procedure is the gold standard technique for biopsies of the brain stem. For the past few years, a frameless stereotactic robot, the NeuroMate robot (Renishaw, UK) has also been used for brain biopsies. We report a retrospective study of 15 patients who underwent NeuroMate robot-guided biopsies of brain stem lesions to evaluate the efficiency and safety of the system.
From January 2004 to March 2006, 15 patients (five children and ten adults) underwent 17 biopsies of brain stem lesions. The lesions were located in the mesencephalon in two cases, in the pons in seven cases, in the pons and the medulla oblongata in five cases, and in the whole midbrain in one case. The biopsy procedure comprised four stages: image acquisition, preoperative planning, patient-to-image registration, and operative procedure. A transcerebellar approach was used in 12 cases and a double oblique anterior frontal approach in five cases.
Two adults underwent a second procedure because the first biopsy was not contributive. There was no operative mortality. We observed two cases of transient morbidity and one case of permanent morbidity.
The frameless NeuroMate robot is an efficient and safe instrument for biopsies of brain stem lesions. We believe that the use of frameless stereotactic techniques for brain stem biopsies could increase the number of biopsies and therefore improve the diagnostic yield and accuracy of the technique.
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ABSTRACT: The authors make an overview about the use of stereotactic techniques in the management of lateral ventricle tumors. If stereotactic techniques are not in the foreground for the management of lateral ventricle tumors, stereotactic biopsies can be very useful in case of atypical, clinical or radiological presentation of the tumors and radiosurgery can help in case of evolution or re-evolution of tumors after resection. In these cases, stereotactic procedures are very safe. Modern technical evolutions allow the optimization of the stereotactic procedure but also to mix robotic with endoscopic techniques in order to offer new surgical perspectives.Neurochirurgie 09/2011; 57(4-6):199-205. DOI:10.1016/j.neuchi.2011.09.015