Preoperative stone attenuation value predicts success after shock wave lithotripsy in children.
ABSTRACT We determined whether stone attenuation can predict stone fragmentation after shock wave lithotripsy in the pediatric population. Previous studies show that preoperative attenuation in HU on noncontrast computerized tomography predicts shock wave lithotripsy success. To our knowledge study of this parameter in the pediatric population has been lacking to date.
We performed a multi-institutional review of the records of 53 pediatric patients 1 to 18 years old who underwent shock wave lithotripsy for 3.8 to 36.0 mm renal calculi. Stone size, average skin-to-stone distance and attenuation value were determined by bone windows on preoperative noncontrast computerized tomography. Success was defined as radiographically stone-free status at 2 to 12-week followup after a single lithotripsy session without the need for further sessions or ancillary procedures.
After lithotripsy 33 patients (62%) were stone-free and 20 had incomplete fragmentation or required additional procedures. Mean ± SD stone attenuation in successfully treated patients vs those with incomplete fragmentation was 710 ± 294 vs 994 ± 379 HU (p = 0.007). Logistical regression analysis revealed that only attenuation in HU was a significant predictor of success. When patients were stratified into 2 groups (less than 1,000 and 1,000 HU or greater), the shock wave lithotripsy success rate was 77% and 33%, respectively (p <0.003).
Stone attenuation less than 1,000 HU is a significant predictor of shock wave lithotripsy success in the pediatric population. This finding suggests that attenuation values have a similar predictive value in the pediatric population as that previously reported in the adult population.
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ABSTRACT: Succes van behandeling met Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) bij patiënten met urolithiasis is lastig te voorspellen. De literatuur beschrijft een verband tussen steendensiteit op non-contrast Computed Tomography (NCCT) en het succes van behandeling met ESWL. In deze studie werden gedurende 24 maanden alle patiënten met urolithiasis, die voor behandeling met ESWL een NCCT ondergingen, geëvalueerd. Steendensiteit op een NCCT lijkt een goed hulpmiddel bij het voorspellen van succes van behandeling met ESWL.Tijdschrift voor Urologie. 1(5).
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to determine whether coronal maximum-intensity-projection (MIP) reformations improve urinary tract stone detection and density measurements compared with routine axial and coronal images. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Forty-five consecutive patients who underwent MDCT for suspected urolithiasis were included. Two radiologists independently determined the number of stones on 5-, 3-, and 1.25-mm axial, 5- and 3-mm coronal, and 5-mm coronal MIP images. The reference standard was obtained by consensus review using all six datasets. Stone density was determined for all calculi 4 mm or larger on all datasets. RESULTS. There were a total of 115 stones. Reader 1 identified 111 (96.5%), 112 (97.4%), 97 (84.3%), 102 (88.7%), 99 (86.1%), and 85 (73.9%) stones and reader 2 identified 105 (91.3%), 102 (88.7%), 85 (73.9%), 89 (77.4%), 89 (77.4%), and 76 (66.1%) stones on the MIP, 1.25-mm axial, 3-mm axial, 3-mm coronal, 5-mm coronal, and 5-mm axial images, respectively. Both readers identified more stones on the MIP images than on the 3- or 5-mm axial or coronal images (p < 0.0001). The mean difference in stone attenuation compared with the thin axial images was significantly less for the MIP images (44.6 HU) compared with 3-mm axial (235 HU), 3-mm coronal (309 HU), and 5-mm coronal (329.6 HU) or axial images (347.8 HU) (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION. Coronal MIP reformations allow more accurate identification and density measurements of urinary tract stones compared with routine axial and coronal reformations.American Journal of Roentgenology 11/2013; 201(5):1036-40. · 2.74 Impact Factor