Effects of IGF-1, TGF-alpha plus TGF-beta1 and bFGF on in vitro survival, growth and apoptosis in FSH-stimulated buffalo (Bubalis bubalus) preantral follicles.
ABSTRACT Investigate the effect of various growth factors viz. IGF-I, TGF-alpha + TGF-beta1 and bFGF either alone or in combination, with FSH on in vitro growth, survival, antrum formation, steroidogenesis and apoptosis of buffalo preantral follicles (PFs).
Buffalo ovaries were collected from abattoir; PFs were isolated and divided into five treatment groups. TCM-199 supplemented with 10% FBS, 1% ITS+EGF+FSH control (group a), control+IGF-I (group b), control + TGF-alpha + TGF-beta1 (group c), control + IGF-I + TGF-alpha + TGF-beta1 (group d) and control+bFGF (group e). Progesterone (P4) and 17beta-estradiol (E2) concentrations were evaluated by RIA and apoptosis by TUNEL assay.
TGF-alpha + TGF-beta1 inhibited follicular survival and induced oocyte apoptosis, while IGF-I + TGF-alpha + TGF-beta1 suppressed this inhibitory action. IGF-I significantly (P < 0.05) enhanced the follicle survival, growth and induced antrum formation. FGF had greater effects on both survival and growth rate of oocytes than other treatment groups. Progesterone and estradiol accumulation was significantly (P < 0.05) greater in presence of FGF and IGF-I than TGF-alpha + TGF-beta1.
Survival, growth, antrum formation and steroidogenesis are stimulated by IGF-I and bFGF, whereas TGF-alpha + TGF-beta1 inhibited growth and survival of PFs which led to induced oocyte apoptosis in buffalo PFs.
- SourceAvailable from: Michal M Masternak[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: It is known that caloric restriction extends lifespan and can minimize age-related dysfunction of the reproductive system. We became interested in how caloric restriction influences apoptosis, which is a crucial process that maintains ovarian cell homeostasis. We examined ovarian cells in: 2.5-year-old wild type mice on caloric restriction (CR) or fed ad libitum (AL) and Laron dwarf mice (GHR-KO) at the same ages on CR or fed AL. Apoptosis was assessed by histochemical analysis on paraffin sections of ovarian tissue. Morphological and histochemical analysis revealed that CR improved reproductive potential in 2.5-year-old WT littermates and GHR-KO female mice, as indicated by the increased number of ovarian follicles. The level of apoptosis in ovarian tissue was higher in WT mice on a CR diet compared with WT mice on the AL diet. In GHR-KO mice, the level of apoptosis in ovaries was similar for mice on CR and on AL diets and bigger than in WT mice on CR. Morphological and histochemical analysis revealed a younger biological age of the ovaries in 2-year-old WT littermates and GHR-KO female mice on CR compared with animals fed AL.Journal of Ovarian Research 09/2013; 6(1):67. · 2.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The interactive effect of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) on the proliferation of theca externa cells (TECs) was investigated in the prehierarchical small yellow follicles of laying hens. IGF-I manifested a proliferating effect like PGE2 on TECs, but this stimulating effect was restrained by AG1024 (IGF-IR inhibitor), KP372-1 (PKB/AKT inhibitor) or NS398 (COX-2 inhibitor). AG1024, KP372-1 or NS398 abolished IGF-I-stimulated COX-2 expression and PGE2 production. Meanwhile, KP372-1, NS398 or AG1024 depressed the PGE2-stimulated expression of COX-2 and IGF-IR mRNA. Therefore, the IGF-I receptor pathway up-regulates COX-2 expression and PGE2 synthesis via PKB signaling cascade, and then PGE2 stimulates IGF-IR mRNA expression to promote TEC proliferation in an autocrine pattern. Overall, the reciprocal stimulation of intracellular PGE2 and IGF-I may enhance TEC proliferation and facilitate the development of chicken prehierarchical follicles.Prostaglandins & other lipid mediators 06/2013; · 2.42 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluate the immunolocalization and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression for transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) and its receptors (TGF-βRI and RII), as well as mRNA expression for P450 aromatase and FSH receptor in caprine preantral follicles. The effects of TGF-β, FSH alone, or in association on the in vitro follicular development were also assessed. Immunohistochemical analyses showed the expression of TGF-β and its receptors in oocytes of all follicle stages and granulosa cells of primary and secondary follicles. mRNA for TGF-β receptors and for FSH receptor (FSHR) was present in preantral follicles as well as in oocytes and granulosa cells of antral follicles. Isolated secondary follicles were cultured in α-minimum essential medium (MEM) alone or supplemented with either FSH (100 ng/ml), TGF-β (10 ng/ml), or TGF-β + FSH for 18 d. TGF-β increased significantly oocyte diameter when compared to FSH alone and control. After 18 d of culture, all groups showed a significant reduction in P450 aromatase and FSHR mRNA levels in comparison to fresh control. In contrast, treatment with FSH significantly increased the mRNA expression for TGF-β in comparison to fresh control and other treatments. In conclusion, the findings showed that TGF-β and its receptors are present in caprine ovarian follicles. Furthermore, they showed a positive effect on oocyte growth in vitro.In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Animal 05/2014; · 1.29 Impact Factor