[Effect of bortezomib on lymphoma cell line CA46 and its relative mechanisms].
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to explore the effect of bortezomib (BZM) on lymphoma cell line CA46 and its relative mechanisms in vitro. The effects of BZM on the proliferation and apoptosis of CA46 cells were assayed by MTT method and flow cytometry respectively. The effect of BZM on the expression levels of procaspase-3 and BCL-2 protein were detected by Western blot. The results indicated that the BZM could inhibit the growth of CA46 cells significantly and the concentration of 50% growth inhibition (IC₅₀) at 24 and 48 hours were 53.19 and 19.68 nmol/L respectively. After treatment with 20, 40, 80 nmol/L BZM for 24, 48 and 72 hours, a dose- and time-dependent apoptosis of CA46 cells could be observed. After treatment with 20 nmol/L BZM at different time point, a time-dependent reduction of procaspase-3 and BCL-2 protein expression in CA46 cells was found. It is concluded that the BZM can inhibit the proliferation and induce the apoptosis of CA46 cells, which relative mechanism may involve the reduction of BCL-2 and the activation of caspase 3.