The roles of antigen-specificity, responsiveness to transforming growth factor-β and antigen-presenting cell subsets in tumour-induced expansion of regulatory T cells.
ABSTRACT In this study we investigated the impact of several factors on the expansion of natural regulatory T (nTreg) cells by tumours, including antigen specificity, transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signalling and the antigen-presenting cell subsets responsible for expansion. We found that antigen non-specific expansion of nTreg cells is tumour cell line-dependent. Although both antigen-specific and non-specific pathways can contribute to expansion, the migration of activated nTreg cells to tumour tissues is strictly antigen-dependent. Intact TGF-β signalling on nTreg cells is also essential for tumour-induced expansion. Finally, for stimulation of resting antigen-specific CD4 T cells, CD11c(+) cells purified from tumour-draining lymph nodes were more potent than CD11b(+) cells, suggesting that dendritic cells are the key antigen-presenting cell subset involved in cross-presentation of tumour antigens. This study not only provides an in vivo system in which cross-talk between nTreg cells and tumours can be explored but also reveals novel aspects of tumour immune evasion.
Article: The desmoplastic stroma plays an essential role in the accumulation and modulation of infiltrated immune cells in pancreatic adenocarcinoma.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Tumor microenvironment is composed of tumor cells, fibroblasts, and infiltrating immune cells, which all work together and create an inflammatory environment favoring tumor progression. The present study aimed to investigate the role of the desmoplastic stroma in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) regarding expression of inflammatory factors and infiltration of immune cells and their impact on the clinical outcome. The PDAC tissues examined expressed significantly increased levels of immunomodulatory and chemotactic factors (IL-6, TGFβ, IDO, COX-2, CCL2, and CCL20) and immune cell-specific markers corresponding to macrophages, myeloid, and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (DCs) as compared to controls. Furthermore, short-time survivors had the lowest levels of DC markers. Immunostainings indicated that the different immune cells and inflammatory factors are mainly localized to the desmoplastic stroma. Therapies modulating the inflammatory tumor microenvironment to promote the attraction of DCs and differentiation of monocytes into functional DCs might improve the survival of PDAC patients.Clinical and Developmental Immunology 01/2011; 2011:212810. · 1.84 Impact Factor