The roles of antigen-specificity, responsiveness to transforming growth factor-β and antigen-presenting cell subsets in tumour-induced expansion of regulatory T cells

Cancer Immunotherapy Group, Section of Immunobiology, Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, London , UK.
Immunology (Impact Factor: 3.8). 12/2010; 131(4):556-69. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2567.2010.03328.x
Source: PubMed


In this study we investigated the impact of several factors on the expansion of natural regulatory T (nTreg) cells by tumours, including antigen specificity, transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signalling and the antigen-presenting cell subsets responsible for expansion. We found that antigen non-specific expansion of nTreg cells is tumour cell line-dependent. Although both antigen-specific and non-specific pathways can contribute to expansion, the migration of activated nTreg cells to tumour tissues is strictly antigen-dependent. Intact TGF-β signalling on nTreg cells is also essential for tumour-induced expansion. Finally, for stimulation of resting antigen-specific CD4 T cells, CD11c(+) cells purified from tumour-draining lymph nodes were more potent than CD11b(+) cells, suggesting that dendritic cells are the key antigen-presenting cell subset involved in cross-presentation of tumour antigens. This study not only provides an in vivo system in which cross-talk between nTreg cells and tumours can be explored but also reveals novel aspects of tumour immune evasion.

Download full-text


Available from: Caroline Addey, Mar 12, 2014
30 Reads
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although polyclonal regulatory T cells (Tregs) that once expressed Foxp3 (ex-Tregs) derived from Foxp3(+) Tregs have been described in homeostatic and autoimmune settings, little is known regarding the influence of the tumor environment on ex-Treg development. After adoptive transfer of HY-specific green Tregs (peripheral or thymic) to Rag2(-/-) B6 female mice bearing syngeneic HY-expressing MB49 tumors, a significant fraction rapidly lost expression of Foxp3. On the second transfer to a Rag2(-/-) B6 male environment, these ex-Tregs expanded strongly, whereas Tregs that maintained expression of Foxp3 expression did not. Both FACS and quantitative real-time-PCR analysis revealed that ex-Tregs upregulated genes characteristic of a Th1 effector-memory phenotype including IFN-γ and downregulated a panel of Treg-specific genes. Peripheral HY-specific green Tregs were adoptively transferred to Rag2(-/-) B6 male mice, to dissect the factors regulating ex-Treg differentiation. Development of ex-Tregs was more efficient in the mesenteric lymph node (mLN) than peripheral lymph node environment, correlating with a much greater level of IL-6 mRNA in mLN. In addition, the preferential development of ex-Tregs in mLN was significantly impaired by cotransfer of HY-specific naive CD4 T cells. Collectively, our study not only demonstrates the plasticity of Ag-specific Tregs in the context of the tumor environment, but also defines key molecular and cellular events that modulate ex-Treg differentiation.
    The Journal of Immunology 03/2011; 186(8):4557-64. DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.1003797 · 4.92 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Characterized by immunosuppression regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a key role in maintaining immune tolerance. A growing number of tumours have been found with Tregs accumulating in microenvironment and patients with high density of Tregs in tumour stroma get a worse prognosis, which suggests that Tregs may inhibit anti-tumour immunity in stroma, resulting in a poor prognosis. In this paper, we demonstrate the accumulation of Tregs in tumour stroma and the possible suppressive mechanisms. We also state the immunotherapy that has being used in animal and clinical trials.
    Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine 09/2011; 16(3):425-36. DOI:10.1111/j.1582-4934.2011.01437.x · 4.01 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We previously reported that oral ingestion of Lentinula edodes mycelia (L.E.M.) extract can inhibit the growth of a subcutaneously established melanoma in a T cell-dependent manner via mitigation of regulatory T cell (Treg)-mediated immunosuppression. In this study, we tested the antitumor effect and mechanism of oral ingestion of L.E.M. extract following inoculation of murine colon carcinoma colon-26 (C26) cells into the subserosal space of the cecum (i.c.) of syngeneic mice. In this model, the primary site of the immune response was gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT), which is known to be an immunological tolerance-inducing site for numerous dietary antigens. Oral ingestion of the L.E.M. extract suppressed the growth of i.c.-inoculated C26 cells in a T cell-dependent manner and restored the T cell response of the mesenteric lymph nodes and the spleen, not only to a tumor antigen-derived peptide, presented on H-2Ld molecules, but also to C26 cells. I.c. inoculation of C26 cells increased the potential of CD4+ T cells of the mesenteric lymph nodes to produce transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, but ingestion of the L.E.M. extract decreased the ability of both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in the mesenteric lymph nodes to produce this immunosuppressive cytokine. Although ingestion of L.E.M. showed only a marginal effect on Tregs in this model, this treatment significantly reduced the plasma levels of TGF-β and IL-6, both of which were increased in the i.c. C26-inoculated mice. In summary, our results indicate that oral ingestion of L.E.M. extract can restore antitumor T cell responses of mice even when the primary antitumor immune response is elicited in GALT, and provide important implications for anticancer immunotherapy of human colon cancer.
    Oncology Reports 11/2011; 27(2):325-32. DOI:10.3892/or.2011.1549 · 2.30 Impact Factor
Show more