The Frank Stinchfield Award The Impact of Socioeconomic Factors on Outcome After THA A Prospective, Randomized Study

Starkville Orthopedic Clinic, Starkville, MS, USA.
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research (Impact Factor: 2.88). 02/2011; 469(2):339-47. DOI: 10.1007/s11999-010-1519-x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Background Most studies of total hip arthroplasty (THA) focus on the effect of the type of implant on the clinical result. Relatively little data are available on the impact of the patient's preoperative status and socioeconomic factors on the clinical results following THA. Questions/purposes We determined the relative importance of patient preoperative and socioeconomic status compared to implant and technique factors in predicting patient outcome as reflected by scores on commonly utilized rating scales (eg, Harris Hip Score, WOMAC, SF-12, degree of patient satisfaction, or presence or severity of thigh pain) following cementless THA. Methods All patients during the study period were offered enrollment in a prospective, randomized study to receive either a titanium, tapered, proximally coated stem; or a Co-Cr, cylindrical, extensively coated stem; 102 patients were enrolled. We collected detailed patient data preoperatively including diagnosis, age, gender, insurance status, medical comorbidities, tobacco and alcohol use, household income, educational level, and history of treatment for lumbar spine pathology. Clinical evaluation included Harris Hip Score, SF-12, WOMAC, pain drawing, and UCLA activity rating and satisfaction questionnaire. Implant factors included stem type, stem size, fit in the canal, and stem-bone stiffness ratios. Minimum 2 year followup was obtained in 95% of the enrolled patients (102 patients). Results Patient demographics and preoperative status were more important than implant factors in predicting the presence of thigh pain, dissatisfaction, and a low hip score. The most predictive factors were ethnicity, educational level, poverty level, income, and a low preoperative WOMAC score or preoperative SF-12 mental component score. No implant parameter correlated with outcome or satisfaction. Conclusion Socioeconomic factors and preoperative status have more impact on the clinical outcome of cementless THA than implant related factors.

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    • "There is conflicting evidence about the effect of socioeconomic status on outcomes following knee replacement with some studies reporting deprivation to be strongly associated with poorer postoperative outcomes [3] [5] [7] [8] while others report no association [9] [10] [11]. However, apart from one US study of hip replacement patients [12], previous studies failed to control for multiple implants, surgeons and different surgical techniques. Furthermore, there are no studies which report the influence of socioeconomic deprivation on postoperative outcomes following unicompartmental knee replacement. "
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the effect of socioeconomic deprivation on preoperative disease and outcome following unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR). 307 Oxford UKRs implanted between 2008 and 2013 under the care of one surgeon using the same surgical technique were analysed. Deprivation was quantified using the Northern Ireland Multiple Deprivation Measure. Preoperative disease severity and postoperative outcome were measured using the Oxford Knee Score (OKS). There was no difference in preoperative OKS between deprivation groups. Preoperative knee range of motion (ROM) was significantly reduced in more deprived patients with 10° less ROM than least deprived patients. Postoperatively there was no difference in OKS improvement between deprivation groups (p=0.46), with improvements of 19.5 and 21.0 units in the most and least deprived groups respectively. There was no significant association between deprivation and OKS improvement on unadjusted or adjusted analysis. Preoperative OKS, Short Form 12 mental component score and length of stay were significant independent predictors of OKS improvement. A significantly lower proportion of the most deprived group (15%) reported being able to walk an unlimited distance compared to the least deprived group (41%) one year postoperatively. More deprived patients can achieve similar improvements in OKS to less deprived patients following UKR. 2b - retrospective cohort study of prognosis. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    The Knee 08/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.knee.2015.07.004 · 1.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to compare differences in demographic, functional, access to care, and comorbidity data between a Medicaid and Iowa Care (state Medicaid) insured patient cohort and Medicare and a Commercial Payer patient cohort undergoing lower extremity total joint arthroplasty (TJA). A retrospective review of 874 primary TKAs and THAs by a single surgeon at an academic institution between January, 2004 and June, 2008 was performed. Data on the primary insurance payer was used to stratify the cohort into two groups; Medicaid and Iowa Care (state Medicaid) insured and Medicare and commercial payer. Demographic, functional, access to care, and comorbidity data obtained from a standard preoperative survey were compared. Of 874 primary TKAs and THAs, 18.3 % of patients were Medicaid and Iowa Care insured, while 81.7 % were insured by Medicare and commercial payer. Average age was 53.7 and 62.3 respectively, while average BMI was 35.2 and 32.9 respectively. The Medicaid and Iowa Care group was found to be 3 times more likely to smoke tobacco (25.2% v. 8.3%). Preoperative WOMAC Function scores were 33.9 and 46.8, respectively. Self reported diabetes was used as a general surrogate for health comorbidities and occurred in 12.3 % and 11.5%, respectively. Distance traveled was used as a general surrogate for access to care with averages of 92.5 miles and 62.8 miles, respectively. The Medicaid and Iowa Care (state Medicaid) group had significantly higher rates of smoking, were significantly younger, and had significantly lower WOMAC scores (p<0.05) preoperatively. BMI comparison showed a trend to greater obesity in the Medicaid and Iowa Care cohort (p=0.056). Diabetes rates were comparable between the two cohorts. Medicaid and Iowa Care patients traveled 29.7 miles farther, suggesting they had less access to local orthopaedic care. There are major differences in comorbidities and patient demographics between payer types.
    The Iowa orthopaedic journal 01/2011; 31:64-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) has been indicated as the surgical intervention with greatest improvement in pain and physical function. However some patients continue to experience hip pain after elective surgery. We investigate prognostic factors that negatively affect treatment effectiveness and the patient outcome. The "hip region" constitutes the groin, buttock, upper lateral thigh, greater trochanteric area, and the iliac crest. Pain originating from various sources and not directly linked to prosthesis may be perceived here and includes the lumbosacral spine, referred pain from abdominal organs and soft tissue sources such as trochanteric bursitis, tendinitis, hip abductor dysfunction, and inguinal hernia. An accurate assessment of the pain cause is extremely difficult to construct and a complete differential diagnosis is fundamental. We assess all the possible causes of hip pain after THA and we divide them depending on the presence or absence of radiographic signs.
    05/2011; 8(2):19-22.
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