[Transcriptome atlas of serine family amino acid metabolism-related genes in eight rat regenerating liver cell types.].
ABSTRACT To explore the transcription profiles of serine family amino acid metabolism-related genes in eight liver cell types during rat liver regeneration (LR), eight types of rat regenerating liver cells were isolated using the combination of percoll density gradient centrifugation and immunomagnetic bead methods. Then, the expression profiles of the genes associated with metabolism of serine family amino acid in rat liver regeneration were detected by Rat Genome 230 2.0 Array. The expression patterns of these genes were analyzed through the software of Cluster and Treeview. The activities of serine family amino acid metabolism were analyzed by the methods of bioinformatics and systems biology. The results showed that 27 genes were significantly expressed. Among them, the numbers of genes showing significant expression changes in hepatocytes, biliary epithelial cells, oval cells, hepatic stellate cells, sinusoidal endothelial cells, Kupffer cells, pit cells and dendritic cells were 13, 16, 11, 14, 13, 11, 12, and 14, respectively. The numbers of up-, down-, and up-/down-regulated genes in corresponding cells were 7, 6, and 0; 2, 10, and 4; 2, 8, and 1; 8, 3, and 3; 6, 5, and 2; 4, 6, and 1; 2, 10, and 0; and 6, 6, and 2. Overall, the genes in the eight types of cells were mostly down-regulated during liver regeneration, but most LR-related genes in hepatic stellate cells and sinusoidal endothelial cells were up-regulated in priming phase. It is suggested that biosynthesis of serine family amino acid was enhanced in hepatocytes, hepatic stellate cells, sinusoidal endothelial cells and Kupffer cells in the priming phase. The catabolism of them was enhanced in hepatocytes, biliary epithelial cells, pit cells and dendritic cells in progressive phase.