Risk factors for major morbidity after hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma in 293 recent cases
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for major morbidity after hepatectomies for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
Univariate and multivariate analyses of risk factors for major morbidity were performed in 293 patients who underwent hepatectomy for HCC between 2001 and 2008.
Two hundred and forty-three patients (82.9%) underwent an anatomic hepatectomy, and a repeat hepatectomy was performed in 50 patients (17.1%). The prevalences of bile leakage and intraabdominal abscess were 12.9% and 9.2%, respectively. The risk factor for bile leakage was an operative time >or= 300 min and the risk factor for intraabdominal abscess was a repeat hepatectomy (odds ratios = 4.9 and 5.3, respectively). The main cause of bile leakage that made endoscopic therapy or percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage necessary was a latent stricture of the biliary anatomy that had existed preoperatively, caused by previous treatments for HCC. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus was the main causative bacteria of intraabdominal abscess after repeat hepatectomies.
Our recent series revealed that prolonged operative time and repeat hepatectomy were independent risk factors for bile leakage and intraabdominal abscess, respectively, after hepatectomies for HCC. Preoperative assessment of the biliary anatomy should be considered for patients who have had previous multiple treatments for HCC, including hepatectomy, to reduce bile leakage that makes invasive treatment necessary.
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ABSTRACT: Hepatic resection had an impressive growth over time. It has been widely performed for the treatment of various liver diseases, such as malignant tumors, benign tumors, calculi in the intrahepatic ducts, hydatid disease, and abscesses. Management of hepatic resection is challenging. Despite technical advances and high experience of liver resection of specialized centers, it is still burdened by relatively high rates of postoperative morbidity and mortality. Especially, complex resections are being increasingly performed in high risk and older patient population. Operation on the liver is especially challenging because of its unique anatomic architecture and because of its vital functions. Common post-hepatectomy complications include venous catheter-related infection, pleural effusion, incisional infection, pulmonary atelectasis or infection, ascites, subphrenic infection, urinary tract infection, intraperitoneal hemorrhage, gastrointestinal tract bleeding, biliary tract hemorrhage, coagulation disorders, bile leakage, and liver failure. These problems are closely related to surgical manipulations, anesthesia, preoperative evaluation and preparation, and postoperative observation and management. The safety profile of hepatectomy probably can be improved if the surgeons and medical staff involved have comprehensive knowledge of the expected complications and expertise in their management. This review article focuses on the major postoperative issues after hepatic resection and presents the current management.World Journal of Gastroenterology 11/2013; 19(44):7983-7991. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v19.i44.7983 · 2.43 Impact Factor
Article: Complications Following Hepatectomy[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: As the number of liver resections in the United States has increased, operations are more commonly performed on older patients with multiple comorbidities. The advent of effective chemotherapy and techniques such as portal vein embolization, have compounded the number of increasingly complex resections taking up to 75% of healthy livers. Four potentially devastating complications of liver resection include postoperative hemorrhage, venous thromboembolism, bile leak, and post-hepatectomy liver failure. The risk factors and management of these complications are herein explored, stressing the importance of identifying preoperative factors that can decrease the risk for these potentially fatal complications. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America 11/2014; 24(1). DOI:10.1016/j.soc.2014.09.008 · 1.67 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to develop and validate a prediction score for postoperative complications by severity and guide perioperative management and patient selection in hepatitis B-related hepatocellular carcinoma patients undergoing liver resection.PLoS ONE 08/2014; 9(8):e105114. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0105114 · 3.53 Impact Factor