Article

An update on markers of carotid atherosclerosis in patients with Type 2 diabetes.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Attikon University Hospital, Medical School, Athens, Greece.
Biomarkers in Medicine (Impact Factor: 2.86). 08/2010; 4(4):601-9. DOI: 10.2217/bmm.10.79
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Carotid atherosclerosis constitutes an important cause of ischemic brain attack and stroke, accounting for up to 40% of cases of ischemic cerebrovascular disease. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is an independent risk factor for stroke and its recurrence. Thus, identifying diabetic patients who are at high risk of developing stroke is of great clinical importance. Noninvasive measurements of surrogate markers of atherosclerosis, such as novel serum biomarkers, can be helpful in detecting subclinical carotid disease, especially among individuals at the highest cardio-/cerebro-vascular risk. Previous studies have proposed an expanding body of serum biomarkers, such as C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, adipokines, cytokines and growth factors, as novel indicators of carotid atherosclerosis development that predict carotid-related clinical outcomes. Furthermore, those biomarkers are expected to assess the efficacy of both pharmaceutical and interventional strategies. Accordingly, it is increasingly clear that measuring biomarkers may improve the definition of cerebrovascular risk profile in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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