Hyperhomocysteinemia prevalence among patients with venous thromboembolism.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study is to evaluate the plasma total homocysteine level in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) and to investigate the effect of different risk factors on plasma levels. Ninety-three-patients with VTE and 37-control participants diagnosed with other than VTE were included in the study. Plasma homocysteine levels and the factors affecting plasma homocysteine levels were evaluated. Plasma homocysteine level was higher among patients with VTE compared to the controls independent from vitamin B12 and folate levels. The prevalence of hyperhomocysteinemia in VTE was 63%. Plasma homocysteine level was higher in patients with PE than deep venous thrombosis (DVT; 23 ± 13.7 vs 16 ± 5.8 μmol/L, P = .018). With regression analysis hyperhomocysteinemia was found to be associated with a 4.8-fold increased risk of VTE. Hyperhomocysteinemia is a common and possibly modifiable risk factor that should be considered when screening patients with VTE. Secondary causes of hyperhomocysteinemia especially vitamin B12 deficiency should be monitored in patients with VTE to prevent recurrences.
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ABSTRACT: Acute portomesenteric vein thrombosis is an uncommon but serious condition with potential sequelae, such as small-bowel gangrene and end-stage hepatic failure. It is known to be caused by various pro-thrombotic states, including hyperhomocysteinemia. We describe what is, to the best of our knowledge, the first reported case of concomitant thrombosis of portal, superior mesenteric and splenic veins due to hyperhomocysteinemia secondary to pernicious anemia and no other risk factors.Journal of Medical Case Reports 08/2014; 8(1):286.
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ABSTRACT: Inherited thrombophilic gene polymorphisms have been linked to the pathogenesis of venous thromboembolism (VTE). As there are very limited data of these polymorphisms in the Iranian population, we aimed to investigate the correlation between them and VTE in central Iran. Seventy-two unrelated VTE patients and 306 healthy control individuals were recruited for the study. Genotyping from venous blood with EDTA for the factor V Leiden (FVL), prothrombin (FII) G20210A, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T and PLA2 polymorphism of platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa were undertaken by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). A total of 57 investigated polymorphisms with a mean of 0.79 per individual and 151 with a mean of 0.49 were found in patients and controls, respectively (P < 0.001). FVL and FII G20210A were found, respectively, in 5.6 and 1.4% of the patients compared with 2.3 and 1% of the controls (P = NS). PLA2 polymorphism of GPIIb/IIIa was seen in 27.8 and 10.1% in patients and controls, respectively [odds ratio (OR), 3.4; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.08-6.44, P < 0.001]. Approximately 15.3% of VTE patients compared with 5.9% of controls had coinheritance of more than one genetic risk factor (P = 0.007) and more recurrent events occurred in such patients. Patients with PLA2 polymorphism had more recurrent events than the other patients (P = 0.02). Patients with more than one genetic risk factor and recurrent events were younger. The prevalence of these polymorphisms is different from some previously published data in other populations, but is consistent with some others. Higher prevalence of PLA2 polymorphism of GPIIa/IIIb in VTE patients is indicative of the impact of this polymorphism in the pathogenesis of VTE in this population. Because of the impact of coinheritance on the recurrence and the age of occurrence, such patients may need to be managed differently.Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis: an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis 01/2013; · 1.25 Impact Factor
- Journal of clinical psychopharmacology 04/2013; 33(2):256-8. · 5.09 Impact Factor