Article

Frequency Domain Detection of Biomolecules Using Silicon Nanowire Biosensors

Laboratory of Advanced Materials, Department of Chemistry, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, People's Republic of China.
Nano Letters (Impact Factor: 12.94). 08/2010; 10(8):3179-83. DOI: 10.1021/nl1020975
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We demonstrate a new protein detection methodology based upon frequency domain electrical measurement using silicon nanowire field-effect transistor (SiNW FET) biosensors. The power spectral density of voltage from a current-biased SiNW FET shows 1/f-dependence in frequency domain for measurements of antibody functionalized SiNW devices in buffer solution or in the presence of protein not specific to the antibody receptor. In the presence of protein (antigen) recognized specifically by the antibody-functionalized SiNW FET, the frequency spectrum exhibits a Lorentzian shape with a characteristic frequency of several kilohertz. Frequency and conventional time domain measurements carried out with the same device as a function of antigen concentration show more than 10-fold increase in detection sensitivity in the frequency domain data. These concentration-dependent results together with studies of antibody receptor density effect further address possible origins of the Lorentzian frequency spectrum. Our results show that frequency domain measurements can be used as a complementary approach to conventional time domain measurements for ultrasensitive electrical detection of proteins and other biomolecules using nanoscale FETs.

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