We investigate tunable plasmon resonant cavity arrays in paired parallel nanowire waveguides. Resonances are observed when the waveguide length is an odd multiple of quarter plasmon wavelengths, consistent with boundary conditions of node and antinode at the ends. Two nanowire waveguides satisfy the dispersion relation of a planar metal-dielectric-metal waveguide of equivalent width equal to the square field average weighted gap. Confinement factors over 10(3) are possible due to plasmon focusing in the interwire space.
"More recently, broadband transparent ultrathin metallic nanostructures have been theoretically realized in near the infrared region with two perfect blackbodies . Enhanced optical transparency and anti-reflection have been observed in subwavelength metallic structures ,  through the excitation of surface plasmons ,  or cavity modes ,  in adjacent plasmonic nanoparticles or stripes. In addition, based on the strong near-field light-matter interaction, fascinating plasmonic behaviors, such as the high-efficiency input and output coupling of far-field optical energy, has also been observed in non-close-packed plasmonic arrays ,  or metallic nanoparticle clusters with nanoscale gaps , . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report improved light transparency over a broad bandwidth in a metal-layered structure with two film-coupled subwavelength non-close-packed plasmonic arrays. Through the introduction of dual ultrathin dielectric spacing layers between the metal layer and the double plasmonic disk arrays, coupling of the input and output effects of light is efficiently enhanced through strong near-field localized plasmon resonances between adjacent plasmonic disks and the near-field plasmon cavity mode in the gap between the double plasmonic arrays and the metal layer. A broad bandwidth of 300 nm with near-unity light transmittance (above 90%) in the optical regime is achieved through the localized plasmon resonances and the symmetrical structure used here. The transparency of this structure is polarization independent and incident angle insensitive, and can be tuned by varying the structure parameters and the dielectric environment. In addition, the period of the plasmonic arrays and the thickness of the nanometer-separated plasmonic structure are less than λ /20 and λ/8, respectively. These values suggest that the proposed structure may have potential applications in deep subwavelength optoelectronic devices, including broadband optically transparent electrodes, highly integrated light input and output components, and plasmonic filters.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) has been increasingly utilized as an analytical technique with significant chemical and biological applications (Qian et al 2008 Nat. Biotechnol. 26 83; Fujita et al 2009 J. Biomed. Opt. 14 024038; Chou et al 2008 Nano Lett.8 1729; Culha et al 2003 Anal. Chem. 75 6196; Willets K A 2009 Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 394 85; Han et al 2009 Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 394 1719; Sha et al 2008 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130 17214). However, production of a robust, homogeneous and large-area SERS substrate with the same ultrahigh sensitivity and reproducibility still remains an important issue. Here, we describe a large-area ultrahigh-uniformity tapered silver nanopillar array made by laser interference lithography on the entire surface of a 6 inch wafer. Also presented is the rigorous optical characterization method of the tapered nanopillar substrate to accurately quantify the Raman enhancement factor, uniformity and repeatability. An average homogeneous enhancement factor of close to 10(8) was obtained for benzenethiol adsorbed on a silver-coated nanopillar substrate.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: While studies of surface plasmons on metals have been pursued for decades, the more recent appearance of nanoscience has created a revolution in this field with "Plasmonics" emerging as a major area of research. The direct optical excitation of surface plasmons on metallic nanostructures provides numerous ways to control and manipulate light at nanoscale dimensions. This has stimulated the development of novel optical materials, deeper theoretical insight, innovative new devices, and applications with potential for significant technological and societal impact. Nano Letters has been instrumental in the emergence of plasmonics, providing its readership with rapid advances in this dynamic field.
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