A randomized phase II study comparing induction or consolidation chemotherapy with cisplatin-docetaxel, plus radical concurrent chemoradiotherapy with cisplatin-docetaxel, in patients with unresectable locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer.
ABSTRACT In stage III non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the role of systemic chemotherapy preceding or following concurrent chemo-radiotherapy (CT-RT) is unclear. We carried out a randomized phase II study to study the toxicity involved-field CT-RT with either induction or consolidation cisplatin-docetaxel (Taxotere).
Patients were randomly assigned to receive two cycles of docetaxel (D) 75 mg/m(2) on day 1 and cisplatin (C) 40 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 2, either preceding (IND arm) or following (CON arm) concurrent CT-RT, where 66 Gy was delivered using involved-fields concurrent with weekly D 20 mg/m(2) and C 20 mg/m(2). Patients at higher risk for lung toxicity (V(20) > 35%) crossed over to IND arm. Seventy patients were needed to exclude grade (G)3-4 esophagitis in >25%.
Of the 70 eligible patients, 26 were treated in IND and 34 CON; five with V(20) >35% switched from CON to IND. The differences in G3-4 esophagitis observed (32/2% IND versus 21/3% CON) were not significantly different from the hypothesized 25% rate. Rates of G≥2 pneumonitis were similar, but IND arm had less G3-4 neutropenia. One-year survival was 63.2% [95% confidence interval (CI) 48.4% to 78.0%] and 65.5% (95% CI 48.2% to 82.8%) for the IND and CON arms, respectively.
Both study arms merit further testing in patients with limited volume stage III NSCLC.