Among the cell surface antigens that can elicit an immune response in transplant recipients MICA antigens occupy a special place. They are similar to human leukocyte antigens (HLAs) while being very different from them. They are not as polymorphic and their quantity is smaller. In consequence, the impact of MICA antigens in transplantation is not as dramatic. However, our early guess that these ligands of NKG2D could elicit antibodies and cell-mediated immunity has been definitely confirmed. Careful analysis with MICA transfectant cells, for absorption and elution, established the specificity of the epitopes involved. Typing of recipients and donors by sequencing the MICA alleles has established that de novo antibodies produced in kidney transplant recipients are directed at mismatched MICA epitopes and are associated with acute rejection and chronic transplant failure. Acute graft-versus-host disease was observed in stem cell recipients who were mismatched for MICA.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: H60a is a minor histocompatibility antigen expressed in BALB and 129/Sv but not C57BL/6 mouse strains. The majority of CD8+ T cells in C57BL/6 mice responding to BALB.B splenocytes are specific for H60a. Interestingly, H60a is expressed constitutively on tumour cells, but its nature as a tumour rejection antigen, as a parallel to its function as a transplant rejection antigen, has not been studied. In this report, we show that tumour cells that constitutively express H60a at the cell surface can be recognized by H60a-specific T cells. Furthermore, when H60a-expressing sarcoma cell lines are transplanted into C57BL/6 mice, H60a-specific T cells can be found at high percentages among the tumour-infiltrating CD8+ T cells. These findings were seen in C57BL/6 but not F1 (C57BL/6×129) mice (which express H60a), suggesting that endogenous tolerance mechanisms suppress the antigenic properties of H60a. Our findings have implications for the generation of tumour vaccines against human natural killer group 2D ligands, such as MHC class I chain-like gene A, that are also transplantation antigens.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Even when kidney allografts are well matched for human leukocyte antigen (HLA) and anti-HLA antibodies are not detected, graft rejection can still occur. There is evidence that some patients who lose their graft have antibodies specific for major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-related chain A (MICA) antigens. We investigated whether mismatching MICA alleles associates with MICA antibody production and graft rejection or dysfunction. MICA and HLA antibody screening in 442 recipients was performed, and specificities were confirmed in a subgroup of 227 recipients using single-antigen multiplex technology. For assignment of MICA antibody specificity, we used three independent assays. In addition, MICA alleles of 227 recipients and donors were determined by DNA sequencing. In all, 17 patients (7.5%) had MICA antibodies, and 13 patients (6%) developed MICA donor-specific antibodies (DSA). Multivariate analysis revealed MICA mismatching, as an independent significant factor associated with the presence of MICA antibodies (p = 0.009), and 14 mismatched MICA residues significantly correlated with MICA antibody production. MICA and HLA antibodies significantly associated with acute rejection (AR) and MICA DSA and HLA DSA correlated with decreased graft function by univariate and multivariate analysis. We conclude that mismatching for MICA epitopes in renal transplantation is a mechanism leading to production of MICA antibodies that associate with AR and graft dysfunction.
Human immunology 05/2011; 72(10):827-34. DOI:10.1016/j.humimm.2011.05.004 · 2.14 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The MICA gene encodes nonclassical major histocompatibility complex class I molecules, centromeric to HLA-B and telomeric to HLA-DRB1. The MICA genes are polymorphic. The immune response against MICA may correlate with a decrease in graft survival after transplantation. However, data on the frequency of MICA polymorphisms in different populations are limited. In this study, we determined MICA allelic frequencies in a Han population living in Guangdong Province in south China. A total of 15 MICA alleles were identified using sequence-based typing. The most frequent allele was MICA*010 (22.22%), followed by MICA*002:01(18.56%), MICA*008:01(16.32%), and MICA*019(14.93%). The MICA null gene (MICA*Del) exhibited a frequency of 1.743% in this population. MICA and HLA, MICA-HLA-B, and MICA-HLA-A/HLA-B/HLA-DRB1 haplotype frequencies were estimated. The most common 2-, 3- and 4-locus haplotypes were HLA-B*40:01-MICA*008:01 (13.70%), HLA-A*11:01-B*40:01-MICA*008:01(8.25%), and HLA-A*33:03-B*58:01-DRB1*03:01-MICA*002:01(5.22%). A new MICA allele, MICA*061, was identified and appears to be evolutionarily related to MICA*012:01. This study provides high-resolution information on the distribution of haplotypes with MICA, HLA-A, HLA-B, and HLA-DRB1 in China. This information should help determine the mechanisms underlying diseases and allotransplant rejection associated with MICA polymorphisms in the southern Chinese Han population.
Human immunology 11/2011; 73(1):75-9. DOI:10.1016/j.humimm.2011.08.021 · 2.14 Impact Factor
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.