The Description and Evaluation of the Implementation of an Integrated Healthcare Model
ABSTRACT Two studies were conducted to examine the practical implementation of an integrated health care model in five primary care clinics in the Upstate New York Veterans Affairs (VA) system. The aims of the studies were: (a) to describe the basic clinical elements of the integrated health care service offered by behavioral health providers (BHPs) in the primary care setting, and (b) to evaluate the perceptions of providers and patients regarding integrated health care practices in their primary care clinics. In Study 1, we reviewed 180 electronic medical records of patients who met with a BHP in primary care. In Study 2, we used semistructured interviews and self-report questionnaires to collect information from 46 primary care providers, 12 BHPs, and 140 patients regarding their perceptions of integrated health care in their primary care clinics. Both studies illustrate a useful method for evaluating the practical implementation of integrated health care models.
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ABSTRACT: The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has been undergoing tremendous transformation in the past 15 years with regard to the delivery of health care. This special issue describes one aspect of this transformation of the largest health system in the U.S.; the system-wide efforts to integrate mental health treatment into the primary care setting in VA. This primary care-mental health integration (PC-MHI) is being accomplished through the central VA system support and implementation of three primary models developed in the field: the White River Colocated models, the Behavioral Health Laboratory, and TIDES (Translating Initiatives in Depression into Effective Solutions). The papers in this special issue describe the development of these models, local and regional efforts to prepare medical centers to adapt and implement PC-MHI, and the impact of the integration on mental health care in these settings. These efforts could represent a national model of PC-MHI implementation for health care systems throughout the U.S.Families Systems & Health 06/2010; 28(2):78-82. DOI:10.1037/a0020341 · 1.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Screening measures for hazardous alcohol use that are efficient and can provide clinically relevant information are essential for primary care providers (PCPs). This study examined the clinical utility of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) and the AUDIT-Consumption (AUDIT-C) as predictors of readiness to change alcohol use in a primary care setting. In total, 114 veterans completed the AUDIT, readiness to change ruler, and an alcohol use disorders diagnostic interview. Two AUDIT-C scores were obtained; one administered during a primary care visit and one derived from the AUDIT. The AUDIT, both AUDIT-C scores, and number of dependence symptoms significantly predicted readiness to change independent of demographic variables. The AUDIT accounted for the greatest percentage of variance in readiness to change (19%). The AUDIT provides information about alcohol severity and readiness to change, which could be clinically useful for providers identifying patients for brief alcohol interventions.Addictive behaviors 12/2010; 36(5):512-5. DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2010.12.023 · 2.44 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The integration of behavioral health and primary care has received much attention in the literature. Behavioral health providers (BHPs) in integrated settings are faced with different treatment constraints than those who work in specialty mental health. The existing literature focuses on what BHPs should do in primary care settings; however, little research exists specifying what BHPs are actually doing. This study provides a glimpse into what types of interventions BHPs are using, and what types of patients they are seeing, in primary care. A chart review was conducted of patients (N = 180) seen by BHPs in five Veterans Affairs primary care clinics. Depression was the most common diagnosis, while less common presenting problems included substance abuse/dependence, psychosis, and bipolar disorder. Common interventions used were medical management, psycho-education, elements of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), and supportive psychotherapy. Future research should examine the efficacy of brief interventions in primary care settings.Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings 02/2011; 18(1):22-9. DOI:10.1007/s10880-011-9230-y · 1.49 Impact Factor