Successful Resection of Locally Advanced Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor of the Ampulla of Vater after Treatment with Imatinib

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.
The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi 07/2010; 56(1):39-44. DOI: 10.4166/kjg.2010.56.1.39
Source: PubMed


Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract arising from Cajal's cells, expressing CD 117. The standard treatment for primary GIST is complete surgical resection. Imatinib mesylate, a specific tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is effective against locally advanced and metastatic GIST. There are several reports of the effect of preoperative imatinib in patients with unresectable and locally advanced primary GIST. We report a case of unresectable primary GIST of the ampulla of Vater, which we were able to completely resect after treatment with a dosage of imatinib 400 mg daily for 5 months. Twelve months later, the patient was treated with imatinib and doing well with no evidence of recurrence.

10 Reads
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) usually develop in the stomach and small intestine and only rarely occur at the ampulla of Vater, with only 11 cases reported in the literature. We report a case of a GIST of the ampulla of Vater. A 36-year-old, previously healthy man presented with a loss of consciousness lasting a few minutes. A gastroduodenal endoscopy revealed a submucosal tumor with central ulceration at the ampulla of Vater. The enhanced computed tomography scan revealed a smooth-outlined hypervascular solid mass (24 mm × 30 mm) in the second part of the duodenum. Neither lymphadenopathy nor metastasis was observed. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography showed normal bile and pancreatic ducts. Biopsies were collected from the ulcerative lesion, and the tumor was diagnosed as a GIST. A submucosal tumor with central ulceration may be a characteristic form of GISTs of the ampulla of Vater, and biopsy studies are useful for the diagnosing such tumors. The patient underwent pancreatoduodenectomy, and the operative specimen revealed a 2.2-cm GIST with 1 mitosis per 50 high-power fields. The gold standard for treatment of GISTs is surgical resection without rupture of a capsule. If technically possible, local resection may be considered. However, when the location of the lesion presents challenges, a pancreatoduodenectomy should be performed for GIST of the ampulla of Vater.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 04/2014; 20(16):4817-4821. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v20.i16.4817 · 2.37 Impact Factor


10 Reads
Available from