Article

Differential induction of CD38 expression by TNF-{alpha} in asthmatic airway smooth muscle cells.

Dept. of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul, 55108, USA.
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology (Impact Factor: 4.04). 12/2010; 299(6):L879-90. DOI: 10.1152/ajplung.00021.2010
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The ADP-ribosyl cyclase activity of CD38, a membrane protein expressed in human airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells, generates cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR), a Ca²(+)-mobilizing agent. cADPR-mediated Ca²(+) responses to agonists are augmented in human ASM cells by TNF-α. CD38-deficient mice fail to develop airway hyperresponsiveness following intranasal TNF-α or IL-13 challenge, suggesting a role in asthma. The role of CD38 in human asthma remains unknown. We hypothesized that CD38 expression will be elevated in ASM cells from asthmatic donors (ASMA cells). CD38 mRNA and ADP-ribosyl cyclase activity were measured in cells maintained in growth-arrested conditions and exposed to vehicle or TNF-α (10-40 ng/ml). TNF-α-induced induction of CD38 expression was greater in ASMA than in ASM cells from nonasthmatic donors (ASMNA). In four of the six donors, basal and TNF-α-induced ERK and p38 MAPK activation were higher in ASMA than ASMNA cells. JNK MAPK activation was lower in ASMA than ASMNA cells. Nuclear NF-κB (p50 subunit) and phosphorylated c-Jun were comparable in cells from both groups, although nuclear c-Fos (part of the AP-1 complex) levels were lower in ASMA than ASMNA cells. NF-κB or AP-1 binding to their consensus sequences was comparable in ASMNA and ASMA cells, as are the decay kinetics of CD38 mRNA. The findings suggest that the differential induction of CD38 by TNF-α in ASMA cells is due to increased transcriptional regulation involving ERK and p38 MAPK activation and is independent of changes in NF-κB or AP-1 activation. The findings suggest a potential role for CD38 in the pathophysiology of asthma.

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    • "The levels of expression of kinases upstream of ERK as well as the MAP kinase phosphatase-1 are comparable in cells from asthmatics and nonasthmatics [12]. Precisely how a higher level of activation of these MAP kinases is maintained in the asthmatic ASM cells is not entirely clear. "
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