North American Fetal Therapy Network (NAFTNet). Preoperative predictors of death in twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome treated with laser ablation of placental anastomoses

Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Weill Cornell College of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.
American journal of obstetrics and gynecology (Impact Factor: 4.7). 10/2010; 203(4):388.e1-388.e11. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajog.2010.06.018
Source: PubMed


To determine preoperative predictive factors for donor and recipient death after laser ablation of placental vessels in twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome.
Retrospective analysis of North American Fetal Therapy Network center laser procedures, 2002-2009. Factors associated with donor and recipient death were identified by regression analysis.
There were 466 patients from 8 centers. Factors significantly associated with donor fetal death were low donor estimated fetal weight (odds ratio [OR], 0.69; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.55-0.87) and reversed end diastolic velocity in the umbilical artery (OR, 4.0; 95% CI, 1.54-10.2); for recipient fetal death-low recipient estimated fetal weight (OR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.44-0.95), recipient reversed "a" wave in the ductus venosus (OR, 2.39; 95% CI, 1.27-4.51) and hydrops (OR, 3.7; 95% CI, 1.1-12.7); for recipient neonatal death-low donor estimated fetal weight (OR, 0.54; 95% CI, 0.30-0.95), high recipient estimated fetal weight (OR, 1.55; 95% CI, 1.06-2.26) and recipient reversed end diastolic velocity in the umbilical artery (OR, 7.8; 95% CI, 1.03-59.3).
Preoperative findings predict fetal and neonatal demise in twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome treated with laser therapy.

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    ABSTRACT: Selective fetoscopic laser photocoagulation (SFLP) is now the treatment of choice for twin–twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). The incidence of recurrent TTTS following SFLP has been inconsistently reported across different studies. We performed a systematic review of TTTS recurrence following SFLP. PubMed and MEDLINE online databases were searched for articles published between 2000 and August 2011, using combinations of the terms ‘twin–twin transfusion’, ‘TTTS’, ‘laser’, ‘recur’ and ‘outcome’. Citations identified in the primary search were screened for eligibility. Studies reporting outcomes from selective SFLP for TTTS in twin pregnancies, which addressed specifically the issue of TTTS recurrence, were included. The primary outcome was rate of TTTS recurrence. Secondary outcomes were therapeutic preference and fetal outcomes in cases of recurrent TTTS. The primary search identified 22 eligible studies that are included in this review (n = 2447 twin pregnancies). Two studies included a minority of non-selective procedures. The published incidence of recurrent TTTS ranged from 0 to 16%. Clinical management was reported in 65.7% (71/108) cases, with repeat SFLP the most commonly performed secondary intervention. Only three studies provided comprehensive outcome data for cases of recurrent TTTS. The overall rate of neurologically-intact survival was 44% (23/52). The data were inadequate to determine the effects of secondary therapeutic approach, placental location or gestational age on perinatal outcome in cases of recurrent TTTS. The published rate of TTTS recurrence following SFLP in monochorionic twin pregnancies ranges from 0 to 16%. Although limited follow-up data suggest that recurrence is associated with significant perinatal mortality and morbidity, further study is needed. Currently, there are insufficient data available to guide recommendations for clinical management of TTTS recurrence. Future studies on SFLP for TTTS must include details on recurrence rates and provide outcome data specific to the recurrent subset.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a simple clinical algorithm for prediction of donor and recipient death using 'yes'or 'no' questions through the process of recursive partitioning for patients undergoing laser therapy for twin to twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). The intent was to identify a subset of patients with very high specificity to whom clinical decisions would be simplified. Method: Secondary analysis of data retrospectively collected from laser procedures was performed for TTTS at NAFTNet centers from 2002 to 2009. Preoperative factors associated with donor and recipient death were identified by recursive partitioning regression analysis. Classification And Regression Trees (CARTs) were developed to refine specificity for prediction of death. Results: There were 466 TTTS patients from eight centers. CARTs were obtained for prediction of donor death. Improved specificity was achieved through recursive partitioning as demonstrated in receiver operator characteristic curves for prediction of death of the donor. There was less than optimal predictive ability for prediction of death in the recipient, as demonstrated by lack of generation of CARTs. Conclusion: Recursive partitioning improves the specificity and refines the prediction of donor fetal and neonatal demise in TTTS treated with laser therapy. This has the potential to improve therapeutic choices and refine counseling regarding outcomes.
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