Cognitive therapy: current status and future directions.
ABSTRACT Cognitive therapy is a system of psychotherapy with a powerful theoretical infrastructure, which has received extensive empirical support, and a large body of research attesting to its efficacy for a wide range of psychiatric and medical problems. This article provides a brief overview of the conceptual and practical components of cognitive therapy and highlights some of the empirical evidence regarding its efficacy. Cognitive therapy (often labeled generically as cognitive behavior therapy) is efficacious either alone or as an adjunct to medication and provides a prophylaxis against relapse and recurrence.
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ABSTRACT: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based treatment for mental disorders. Several meta-analytical reviews supported its efficacy and effectiveness in the treatment of panic disorder with agoraphobia (PD/AG). Recently, it has been shown that neurobiological changes are associated with the process and outcome of CBT. However, the general and specific neurobiological effects of CBT are still widely unknown. Therefore, the potential of applying neuroscience to clinical practice and optimizing CBT is still limited. The current review summarizes recent findings about the neural correlates of CBT in PD/AG measured with fMRI. Furthermore, the current review will focus on neural activation patterns predicting and moderating therapeutic success of CBT, due to its potential application in personalized treatment in the future. Finally, we will discuss some future perspectives of the neurosciences in CBT research.Behaviour Research and Therapy 07/2014; · 3.85 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The number of psychological practitioners in Canada has grown substantially over the past two decades, and numerous professional and legislative changes have occurred during this time. However, the most recent surveys examining the nature of professional psychology in Canada were published more than 20 years ago. To obtain current information on the practice of professional psychology, 538 practitioners completed a survey focusing on demographics and practice characteristics. Among other general practice findings, these data indicate (a) the growing number of female professional psychologists, (b) the frequent provision of psychological services within private health care settings, and (c) the common endorsement of the cognitive– behavioral orientation. The results of the survey also revealed many important differences in practice patterns between those registered on the basis of master’s or doctoral level training and between those employed full-time in public or independent practice settings. Most strikingly, the majority of practitioners in both private and public practice were engaged in professional activities that are broader than only direct service. Implications for trainees, training programs, and the profession are presented and discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)Professional Psychology Research and Practice 01/2013; 44(2):118. · 1.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This paper discusses the various subjects embedded in cognitive psychotherapy. The cognitive model developed by Beck, considered as a rationalist and modernist model, will exemplify these subjects. Cognitive therapy should be placed in the modernist historical context and related to a subject characterized as having rationality and the ability to observe and detect cognitions, emotions and behaviors. The paper develops this background introducing three main subject types. The first is the introspective and conscious subject, who is able to observe what is within oneself, has free access, and is conscious of one’s cognitive world. The second is the cognitive miser that describes the subject who enters into therapy. The final subject identified, is the trained scientist who is able to develop a more objective knowledge, changing faulty schemas and cognitive distortions. This subject is the one most looked for in cognitive therapy. We could connect these subjects to some of the main elements of cognitive therapy such as the concept of ABC, assessment procedures, cognitive techniques or the relevance of schemas. Finally, the paper suggests some issues for study that could contribute to the theoretical and clinical evolution of cognitive psychotherapyAnales de Psicología 01/2015; 31(2). · 0.55 Impact Factor