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Plasma Selenium is Positively Related to Performance in Neurological Tasks Assessing Coordination and Motor Speed

Laboratory of Epidemiology, Demography and Biometry, National Institue on Aging, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.
Movement Disorders (Impact Factor: 5.63). 09/2010; 25(12):1909-15. DOI: 10.1002/mds.23218
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Parkinson's disease (PD) is a degenerative process affecting the striato nigral system (SN). Its etiology, although obscure, may involve oxidative damage. Selenium, an antioxidant, was shown to protect the SN in animal models. In the current study, we investigate the association between plasma selenium concentrations and the presence of "soft" neurological signs related to the SN. Plasma selenium concentration was assessed in participants of age ≥65 years in the InCHIANTI study, a population-based cohort study in Tuscany, Italy. PD was defined based on standard criteria. "Soft" neurological signs were ascertained by physical examination. A total of 1,012 participants were included. No association was found between the presence of PD and plasma selenium. There was, however, a strong association between plasma selenium and timed performance-based assessments. Lower levels of selenium were significantly associated withdecreased performance in neurological tests of coordination among older adults. Prospective studies are needed to further investigate the effects of selenium on SN dysfunction.

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Available from: Kushang V. Patel, Mar 11, 2014
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    • "A few studies have reported the adverse effects of long-term Se deficiency on neurobehavioral development in mice (Watanabe and Satoh, 1995; Hong et al., 2006). In human, low Se level in the elderly was associated with cognitive decline, reduced coordination, motor speed and muscle strength (Lauretani et al., 2007; Shahar et al., 2010). But a typical feature of Se is the relatively narrow range between deficiency, essentiality, and toxicity doses (Nogueira and Rocha, 2011). "
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    ABSTRACT: Either deficient or excessive of essential nutrients had adverse effects. Effects of different levels of prenatal zinc (Zn) and selenium (Se) on fetal neurobehavioral development remain unclear. To determine the effects of different cord serum levels of Zn and Se on neurobehavioral development in neonates and to explore possible threshold level of Zn and Se based on fetal neurodevelopment, we conducted this epidemiological research. In the multi-center study, we investigated these questions in 927 mother-newborn pairs in Shanghai, China, from 2008 through 2009. Umbilical cord serum concentrations of Zn and Se were measured and Neonatal Behavioral Neurological Assessments (NBNA) tests were conducted. The median cord serum Zn and Se concentrations were 794.3μg/L and 63.1μg/L, respectively. A nonlinear relationship was observed between cord serum Zn and NBNA after adjusting for potential confounders. NBNA score decreased with increasing Zn levels after 794.3μg/L (adjusted ß=-3.0, 95% CI: -3.6 to -2.4, p<0.001). Additionally, an invert U-shape with a threshold Se of 100μg/L was observed between cord serum Se and NBNA. The adjusted regression coefficient was 4.4 (95% CI: 3.6 to 5.2, p<0.001) for Se<100μg/L while -3.6 (95% CI:-6.1 to -1.1, p<0.01) for Se≥100μg/L. Of the 927 infants, 50% had a high level Zn (≥794.3μg/L) and 8.6% had a high level Se (≥100μg/L). High levels of both Zn and Se mainly had adverse effects on behavior and passive tone (p<0.001). Taken together, our study suggested that a threshold of cord blood Zn and Se was existed for fetal neurodevelopment and the prevalence of excessive Zn was high. Thus, the supplementation of Zn during pregnancy should be considered with caution in Shanghai, China.
    NeuroToxicology 04/2013; 37. DOI:10.1016/j.neuro.2013.04.001 · 3.05 Impact Factor
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    • ") . Increasing levels of BSe were associated with better motor function . Lower plasma Se levels have been associated with decreased motor coordination among patients with Parkinson ' s disease ( Richwine et al . 2005 ; Shahar et al . 2010"
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    Environmental Health Perspectives 07/2011; 119(11):1665-70. DOI:10.1289/ehp.1103548 · 7.03 Impact Factor
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    • "Beck et al. (2007) observed positive associations between P-Se and grip strength in elderly women in the US, but Se status was considerably lower than the present study, with mean serum Se concentrations at 118 AE 18 mg/L. P-Se was also positively associated with grip strength, motor speed and coordination in an elderly population in Italy, where mean P-Se concentrations were lower still: 75 AE 12 mg/L (Lauretani et al., 2007; Shahar et al., 2010). "
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    ABSTRACT: Selenium (Se) is a well-known anti-oxidant with a critical role in the proper functioning of nervous and muscle functions. Se deficiency has been associated with both cognitive and neuromotor impairment, while sensory and motor deficits have been attributed to excess Se. In the Lower Tapajós Region of the Brazilian Amazon, riverside populations present a wide range of Se levels. These fish-eating communities have among the highest mercury (Hg) exposures reported in the world today, and recently, lead (Pb) exposure has been identified. Some studies suggest that Se intake can be protective for Hg and/or Pb toxicity, however, data from animal and human studies are inconsistent. The objective of the present study was to examine the relations between biomarkers of Se and motor functions, taking into account co-variables and biomarkers of exposure to Hg and Pb.
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