Acute urinary retention as the initial manifestation of Guillain-Barre syndrome
ABSTRACT Guillain-Barre syndrome is a leading cause of acute weakness in young and middle-aged people [1,2], but it can affect patients of all ages. The main features of Guillain-Barre syndrome are ascending limb weakness which is relatively symmetric and progresses rapidly, with or without involvement of respiratory or cranial nerve-innervated muscles. In typical cases, possible initial symptoms include pain, numbness, paraesthesia, or weakness of the limbs [3,4]. Guillain-Barre syndrome also has a significant mortality in the first month [5,6]; however, this condition is often initially misdiagnosed , because the initial symptoms are often nonspecific, and many clinical variants may present . Therefore, it is mandatory to maintain a high index of suspicion for this disease so as to prompt early diagnosis and treatment. Herein, we reported a case of Guillain-Barre syndrome who rapidly progressed to respiratory failure with an initial presentation of only acute urinary retention.
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