A family with a 1.17Mb deletion of 12q12: Refining genotype-phenotype correlation

Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.
American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A (Impact Factor: 2.16). 09/2010; 152A(9):2394-8. DOI: 10.1002/ajmg.a.33570
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    ABSTRACT: Interstitial deletions of long arm of chromosome 12 are rare, and the interstitial deletion 12q21.1q22 has been reported to the best of our knowledge in only four patients. Comparing the patients reported, a characteristic phenotypic pattern (facial features like prominent forehead, short and upturned nose, low set ears, and ectodermal abnormalities) can be identified. It has been suggested to be considered a deletion syndrome [Klein et al., (2005); Am J Med Genet 138:349-354]. We report on a 34-month-old girl, who was referred to our clinic at 6 months of age, presenting at birth with axial hypotonia, enlarged anterior fontanel, ventriculomegaly, dysmorphic facies (prominent forehead, sparse hair and eyebrows, short palpebral fissures), failure to thrive and development delay. Her cytogenetic study showed an interstitial deletion of the long arm of chromosome 12: 46,XX,del(12)(q21.1q22) redefined by array comparative genomic hybridization. We compare and review our patient with the four previously reported cases, plus one with a deletion with an overlap of the chromosomal region and phenotypic similarities. As far as we know our patient is the fourth reported with this cytogenetic abnormality. This additional report allows us to support a genotype-phenotype correlation for this chromosomal abnormality. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 04/2015; 167(8). DOI:10.1002/ajmg.a.37077 · 2.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report on a 10-year-old-boy presenting with moderate intellectual disability (ID), impaired motor skills, hypotonia, growth delay, minor anomalies, misaligned teeth, pectus excavatum, small hands and feet, widely spaced nipples, and a 1.13 Mb de novo deletion on HSA12q12 (chr12:44,830,147-45,964,945 bp, hg19), deleting ANO6, NELL2, and DBX2 and the pseudogenes PLEKHA8P1 and RACGAP1P. We suggest DBX2 and NELL2 as disease-causing genes and their haploinsufficiency to be involved in the psychomotor delay in the patient. DBX2 encodes a homeobox protein, highly expressed during neuronal development and regulating differentiation of interneurons in brain and spinal cord. NELL2 is expressed in most of the central and peripheral nervous system, with highest expression in hippocampus and cerebellum, maximizing during neuronal differentiation. The deletion in our patient is the smallest in HSA12q12 reported to date, and it is included in the deletion carried by four previously reported patients. The clinical presentation of these patients points to the recurrence of the following manifestation, possibly delineating a 12q12 deletion syndrome phenotype: moderate to severe developmental/intellectual delay, hypotonia, postnatal growth retardation, skeletal and dental anomalies, minor facial anomalies including strabismus, down slanting palpebral fissures, and large/low-set ears. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 04/2015; 167(8). DOI:10.1002/ajmg.a.37079 · 2.16 Impact Factor