Article

A practical, bioinformatic workflow system for large data sets generated by next-generation sequencing.

Department of Veterinary Science, The University of Melbourne, 250 Princes Highway, Werribee, Victoria 3030, Australia.
Nucleic Acids Research (Impact Factor: 8.81). 09/2010; 38(17):e171. DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkq667
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Transcriptomics (at the level of single cells, tissues and/or whole organisms) underpins many fields of biomedical science, from understanding the basic cellular function in model organisms, to the elucidation of the biological events that govern the development and progression of human diseases, and the exploration of the mechanisms of survival, drug-resistance and virulence of pathogens. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies are contributing to a massive expansion of transcriptomics in all fields and are reducing the cost, time and performance barriers presented by conventional approaches. However, bioinformatic tools for the analysis of the sequence data sets produced by these technologies can be daunting to researchers with limited or no expertise in bioinformatics. Here, we constructed a semi-automated, bioinformatic workflow system, and critically evaluated it for the analysis and annotation of large-scale sequence data sets generated by NGS. We demonstrated its utility for the exploration of differences in the transcriptomes among various stages and both sexes of an economically important parasitic worm (Oesophagostomum dentatum) as well as the prediction and prioritization of essential molecules (including GTPases, protein kinases and phosphatases) as novel drug target candidates. This workflow system provides a practical tool for the assembly, annotation and analysis of NGS data sets, also to researchers with a limited bioinformatic expertise. The custom-written Perl, Python and Unix shell computer scripts used can be readily modified or adapted to suit many different applications. This system is now utilized routinely for the analysis of data sets from pathogens of major socio-economic importance and can, in principle, be applied to transcriptomics data sets from any organism.

1 Bookmark
 · 
214 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: As small molecules that aid in posttranscriptional silencing, microRNA (miRNA) discovery and characterization have vastly benefited from the recent development and widespread application of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies. Several miRNAs were identified through sequencing of constructed small RNA libraries, whereas others were predicted by in silico methods using the recently accumulating sequence data. NGS was a major breakthrough in efforts to sequence and dissect the genomes of plants, including bread wheat and its progenitors, which have large, repetitive and complex genomes. Availability of survey sequences of wheat whole genome and its individual chromosomes enabled researchers to predict and assess wheat miRNAs both in the subgenomic and whole genome levels. Moreover, small RNA construction and sequencing-based studies identified several putative development- and stress-related wheat miRNAs, revealing their differential expression patterns in specific developmental stages and/or in response to stress conditions. With the vast amount of wheat miRNAs identified in recent years, we are approaching to an overall knowledge on the wheat miRNA repertoire. In the following years, more comprehensive research in relation to miRNA conservation or divergence across wheat and its close relatives or progenitors should be performed. Results may serve valuable in understanding both the significant roles of species-specific miRNAs and also provide us information in relation to the dynamics between miRNAs and evolution in wheat. Furthermore, putative development- or stress-related miRNAs identified should be subjected to further functional analysis, which may be valuable in efforts to develop wheat with better resistance and/or yield.
    Briefings in functional genomics. 06/2014;
  • Adaptive Processes (8th) Decision and Control, 1969 IEEE Symposium on; 01/1969
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Alternative splicing (AS) of mRNA is a vital mechanism for enhancing genomic complexity in eukaryotes. Spliced isoforms of the same gene can have diverse molecular and biological functions and are often differentially expressed across various tissues, times, and conditions. Thus, AS has important implications in the study of parasitic nematodes with complex life cycles. Transcriptomic datasets are available from many species, but data must be revisited with splice-aware assembly protocols to facilitate the study of AS in helminthes. We sequenced cDNA from the model worm Caenorhabditis elegans using 454/Roche technology for use as an experimental dataset. Reads were assembled with Newbler software, invoking the cDNA option. Several combinations of parameters were tested and assembled transcripts were verified by comparison with previously reported C. elegans genes and transcript isoforms and with Illumina RNAseq data. Thoughtful adjustment of program parameters increased the percentage of assembled transcripts that matched known C. elegans sequences, decreased mis-assembly rates (i.e., cis- and trans-chimeras), and improved the coverage of the geneset. The optimized protocol was used to update de novo transcriptome assemblies from nine parasitic nematode species, including important pathogens of humans and domestic animals. Our assemblies indicated AS rates in the range of 20-30%, typically with 2-3 transcripts per AS locus, depending on the species. Transcript isoforms from the nine species were translated and searched for similarity to known proteins and functional domains. Some 21 InterPro domains, including several involved in nucleotide and chromatin binding, were statistically correlated with AS genetic loci. In most cases, the Roche/454 data explored in this study are the only sequences available from the species in question; however, the recently published genome of the human hookworm Necator americanus provided an additional opportunity to validate our results. Our optimized assembly parameters facilitated the first survey of AS among parasitic nematodes. The nine transcriptome assemblies, their protein translations, and basic annotations are available from Nematode.net as a resource for the research community. These should be useful for studies of specific genes and gene families of interest as well as for curating draft genome assemblies as they become available.
    Parasites & Vectors 04/2014; 7(1):151. · 3.25 Impact Factor

Full-text (3 Sources)

Download
109 Downloads
Available from
May 31, 2014