Influence of the ten sessions of the whole body cryostimulation on aerobic and anaerobic capacity.

Institute of Human Physiology, Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, University School of Physical Education, Kraków, Poland.
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health (Impact Factor: 1.31). 01/2010; 23(2):181-9. DOI: 10.2478/v10001-010-0019-2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to determine the influence of whole body cryostimulation on aerobic and anaerobic capacities.
To test the hypothesis that whole body cryostimulation improves physical capacity, thirty subjects (fifteen males and fifteen females) undertook two ergocycle trials before and after the ten sessions of cryogenic chamber treatment. To assess baseline aerobic capacity, the progressive cycle ergometer test was applied. This allowed determination of maximal oxygen uptake and ventilatory thresholds. Twenty-second Wingate test was performed to assess baseline levels of anaerobic power. After finishing the treatments in the cryogenic chamber, the exercise protocol was repeated. Before the first, and after the last whole body cryostimulation, venous blood samples were drawn to determine basic blood values, including levels of erythrocytes, leukocytes and thrombocytes, hemoglobin concentration, and hematocrit.
There were no changes in aerobic capacity, in both females and males, after ten sessions of 3-minute-long exposures to cryogenic temperature (-130 degrees C). Participation in the whole body cryostimulation caused an increase in maximal anaerobic power in males (from 11.1 to 11.9 W x kg(-1); P < 0.05), but not in females.
It can be concluded that whole body cryostimulation can be beneficial, at least in males, for increasing anaerobic capacity in sport disciplines involving speed and strength.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In Poland and all over the world, whole-body cryostimulation is becoming more and more popular in the treatment of different diseases and in sport. However, changes that occur in the human body subjected to cryogenic temperatures are still not completely understood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate changes in blood circulation and aerobic capacity induced by repeated exposure to whole-body cryostimulation of young and clinically healthy male subjects. The study included 25 young men, aged 21 ± 0.9 years, average body weight 74.65 ± 6.98 kg and height 179.5 ± 5.12 cm. The participants were exposed to extremely low temperatures in a cryogenic chamber once a day for 15 days. Each session lasted 3 min at -130°C and was preceded by 30-second, adaptation in a vestibule at -60°C. Blood pressure and heart rate were measured before entering the chamber, immediately after exiting and 10 min later. We also calculated pulse pressure and the mean arterial blood pressure. Before and after the treatment the maximal oxygen uptake was measured. Our results showed a significant increase in systolic blood pressure after each cryostimulation (by an average of 19 mmHg) and an increase in diastolic blood pressure only after the first cryostimulation (by 6 mm Hg). The increase in systolic blood pressure was accompanied by a significant decrease in heart rate (by about 7 bpm). No adaptation changes were observed after 15 treatments. There were no changes in aerobic capacity after 15 sessions of WBC, however we observed a significant decrease in RBC and hemoglobin concentration. Due to the increase in systolic blood pressure after WBC, this kind of physiotherapy treatment is not recommended for people with advanced or not pharmacologically controlled hypertension.
    International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health 01/2010; 23(4):367-75. · 1.31 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objective of this work was to determine the dynamics of maximal anaerobic power (MAP) of the lower limbs, following a single whole body cryostimulation treatment (WBC), in relation to the temperature of thigh muscles. The subjects included 15 men and 15 women with an average age (± SD) of 21.6 ± 1.2 years. To evaluate the level of anaerobic power, the Wingate test was applied. The subjects were submitted to 6 WBC treatments at -130°C once a day. After each session they performed a single Wingate test in the 15, 30, 45, 60, 75 and 90th min after leaving the cryogenic chamber. The order of the test was randomized. All Wingate tests were preceded by an evaluation of thigh surface temperature with the use of a thermovisual camera. The average thigh surface temperature (T(av)) in both men and women dropped significantly after the whole body cryostimulation treatment, and next increased gradually. In women T(av) remained decreased for 75 min, whereas in men it did not return to the basal level until 90th min. A statistically insignificant decrease in MAP was observed in women after WBC. On the contrary, a non-significant increase in MAP was observed in men. The course of changes in MAP following the treatment was similar in both sexes to the changes in thigh surface temperature, with the exception of the period between 15th and 30th min. The shorter time to obtain MAP was observed in women till 90th min and in men till 45 min after WBC compared to the initial level. A single whole body cryostimulation may have a minor influence on short-term physical performance of supramaximal intensity, but it leads to improvement of velocity during the start as evidenced by shorter time required to obtain MAP.
    International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health 06/2011; 24(2):184-91. · 1.31 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: of adaptive responses in the body, especially in the circulatory system. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of bathing in cold water on blood morphology. Material and methods. The sample was composed of 30 people: fourteen winter swimmers regularly bathing in cold water, and sixteen amateurs who were not subjected to such treatments before. On the day of the experiment all subjects spent 3 minutes in water at the temperature of 0°C with an ambient temperature of -4°C. Blood samples were taken before exposure to low temperatures (control) as well as 5 and 30 min after bathing in cold water. The basic parameters of peripheral blood: RBC, HGB, HCT, MCV, MCH, MCHC, WBC and PLT were estimated using an automatic hematological analyzer. Results. The study showed a slight increase in mean corpuscular hemoglobin concen - tration (MCHC) in winter swimmers and lower mean corpuscular volume (MCV) in ama - teurs 30 min after bathing in cold water vs. the control study. Comparison of the studied groups showed a higher mean MCV value in winter swimmers 5 min after cold bath, and a higher leukocyte count in amateurs 30 min after bathing in ice-cold water. Conclusions. Bathing in cold water affects some blood morphological parameters which may result from changes in the circulating blood in exposure to low ambient tem - peratures. A larger number of leukocytes observed in amateurs may prove an intensified immune response after cooling of the body.
    Medycyna Sportowa. 09/2012; 28(4(4)):225-232.


Available from