[American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline update on chemotherapy for stage IV non-small-cell lung cancer].
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.Zhongguo fei ai za zhi = Chinese journal of lung cancer 03/2010; 13(3):171-89. DOI:10.3779/j.issn.1009-3419.2010.03.15
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ABSTRACT: The discovery of activating mutations in the epidermal growth-factor receptor (EGFR) gene in 2004 opened a new era of personalized treatment for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). EGFR mutations are associated with a high sensitivity to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors, such as gefitinib and erlotinib. Treatment with these agents in EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients results in dramatically high response rates and prolonged progression-free survival compared with conventional standard chemotherapy. Subsequently, echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4 (EML4)-anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), a novel driver oncogene, has been found in 2007. Crizotinib, the first clinically available ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor, appeared more effective compared with standard chemotherapy in NSCLC patients harboring EML4-ALK. The identification of EGFR mutations and ALK rearrangement in NSCLC has further accelerated the shift to personalized treatment based on the appropriate patient selection according to detailed molecular genetic characterization. This review summarizes these genetic biomarker-based approaches to NSCLC, which allow the instigation of individualized therapy to provide the desired clinical outcome.Cancer Management and Research 01/2013; 5:91-101.
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ABSTRACT: The optimal strategy for maintenance chemotherapy is controversial. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of continuation maintenance with pemetrexed and switch maintenance with docetaxel in advanced non-squamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Chemotherapy-naïve patients with non-squamous NSCLC were enrolled in this randomized phase II study. Patients who achieved disease control after four cycles of induction therapy with carboplatin (AUC 6) and pemetrexed (500 mg/m(2)) were randomized to maintenance therapy with pemetrexed (500 mg/m(2)) or docetaxel (60 mg/m(2)). The primary endpoint was survival without toxicity, defined as the time from the initiation of maintenance therapy to the first date of any grade 3/4 toxicity or death due to any cause. A total of eighty-five patients were enrolled in the induction phase, and 26 patients were assigned to the pemetrexed maintenance therapy and 25 patients were assigned to the docetaxel maintenance therapy. Survival without toxicity was significantly longer in the pemetrexed group (median 20.8 months, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.7-not estimable) than in the docetaxel group (median 0.5 months, 95 % CI 0.2-2.0, hazard ratio 0.36, 95 % CI 0.17-0.74). Continuation maintenance with pemetrexed may be a feasible treatment option for patients with non-squamous NSCLC who have achieved disease control after induction therapy with carboplatin and pemetrexed. Switch maintenance with docetaxel may also be efficacious but frequently causes severe hematologic toxicity.Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 06/2013; · 2.80 Impact Factor
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