Predictors of electrical storm in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy--how to stratify the risk of electrical storm.
ABSTRACT Electrical storm (ES) is a serious problem in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). However, insufficient reports have indicated the predictors of ES in ICD patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). The purpose of this study was to clarify the predictors of ES for risk stratification in DCM patients with an ICD.
Of 446 ICD patients, 53 DCM patients were included in this study. During a mean follow-up of 55+/-36 months, ES (> or =3 times appropriate ICD therapy within 24 h) occurred in 18/53 (34%) patients. According to multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis, a duration of the terminal low amplitude signals of <40 microV (LAS40) (HR 1.4/10 ms increase, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.1-2.1; P=0.0049) or root mean square voltage of the last 40 ms of the QRS complex (RMS40) (HR 0.88/1 microV, 95%CI 0.77-0.96; P=0.001) on the signal averaged electrocardiogram, and a history of atrial fibrillation (AF) before ICD implantation (HR 2.3, 95%CI 1.2-5.0; P=0.013) were independently associated with an increased risk of ES.
Our data indicated that a longer LAS40, lower RMS40 and history of AF before ICD implantation could strongly predict ES, and the combination of those parameters could effectively stratify the risk of ES in DCM patients.
- Circulation Journal 02/2011; 75(5):1255-7. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Although several predictors of an electrical storm (ES) are indicated in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM), whether the severity of the myocardial tissue damage (SMTD) evaluated by myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS) has an association with an ES remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the clinical significance of SMTD for the prediction of ES in IDCM patients with an ICD. METHODS: Thirty-seven (27 men, mean age 58 ± 15 years) IDCM patients receiving ICD implantations for secondary prevention with preoperative MPS were enrolled in this study. The medical history, physical and laboratory findings, electrocardiograms, echocardiograms and MPS findings were evaluated. The SMTD was assessed by the summed scores of 17 segments using a 4-point system (0, normal ~3, severe defect). RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 43.9 ± 30.7 months, an ES developed in 12/37 (32.4 %) patients. The SMTD score predicted an ES with a 92 % sensitivity and 56 % specificity, at a cut-off score of 10. In addition, a multivariate analysis showed that the SMTD score remained an independent predictor of an ES (HR 1.09/score 1 increase, 95 % CI 1.01-1.19, p = 0.02). The SMTD score was significantly associated with three indices of late potentials on the signal-averaged electrocardiograms, and was significantly higher in patients with positive late potentials (p = 0.0006). CONCLUSION: SMTD score assessed by MPS has a strong correlation to the late potentials and higher SMTD score may increase the risk of ES among patients with IDCM and an ICD.Annals of Nuclear Medicine 02/2013; · 1.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine whether or not the coexistence of sustained ST-segment elevation and abnormal Q waves (STe-Q) could be a risk factor for electrical storm (ES) in implanted cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) patients with structural heart diseases. In all, 156 consecutive patients received ICD therapy for secondary prevention of sudden cardiac death and/or sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias were included. Electrical storm was defined as ≥3 separate episodes of ventricular tachycardia (VT) and/or ventricular fibrillation (VF) terminated by ICD therapies within 24 h. During a mean follow-up of 1825 ± 1188 days, 42 (26.9%) patients experienced ES, of whom 12 had coronary artery disease, 15 had idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, 6 had hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, 4 had arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, 4 had cardiac sarcoidosis, and 1 had valvular heart disease. Sustained ST-segment elevation and abnormal Q waves in ≥2 leads on the 12-lead electrocardiography was observed in 33 (21%) patients. On the Kaplan-Meier analysis, patients with STe-Q had a markedly higher risk of ES than those without STe-Q (P< 0.0001). The multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression model indicated that STe-Q and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (<30%) were independent risk factors associated with the recurrence of VT/VF (STe-Q: HR 1.962, 95% CI 1.24-3.12, P= 0.004; LVEF: HR 1.860, 95% CI 1.20-2.89, P= 0.006), and STe-Q was an independent risk factor associated with ES (HR 4.955, 95% CI 2.69-9.13, P< 0.0001). Sustained ST-segment elevation and abnormal Q waves could be a risk factor of not only recurrent VT/VF but also ES in patients with structural heart diseases.Europace 12/2011; 14(5):675-81. · 2.77 Impact Factor