Neutrophils influence the level of antigen presentation during the immune response to protein antigens in adjuvants.
ABSTRACT Neutrophils modulated Ag presentation following immunization with Ags in CFA or IFA or alum. The neutrophils had an important negative role in the CD4 T cell and B cell responses to three protein Ags: hen egg white lysozyme, OVA, and listeriolysin O. In their absence (by depleting with Abs for only the first 24 h, or using genetically neutropenic mice), the cellular responses increased several-fold. The CD8 response was not affected or slightly decreased. Competition for Ag between the presenting cells and the neutrophils, as well as an effect on the response to Ag-bearing dendritic cells (DCs), was documented. Neutrophils entered the draining lymph nodes rapidly and for a brief period of several hours, localizing mainly to the marginal sinus and superficial cortex. There they established brief contact with DCs and macrophages. Moreover, neutrophils imprinted on the quality of the subsequent DC-T cell interactions, despite no physical contact with them; by intravital microscopy, the clustering of Ag-specific T cells and DCs was improved in neutropenic mice. Thus, neutrophils are obligate cells that briefly enter sites of immunization and set the level of Ag presentation. A brief depletion may have a considerably positive impact on vaccination.
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ABSTRACT: Gene expression profiling has revealed that circulating neutrophils rest between two major bursts of transcriptional and protein synthetic activities. The first occurs in the bone marrow. This equips the neutrophil with stocks of innate defense armory that are packaged into different granule subsets. The second burst occurs when the neutrophil exits circulation and migrates into tissues to find, capture and phagocytose microorganisms. This burst results in the synthesis and secretion of cytokines and chemokines that support resolution of inflammation and healing of damaged tissue. Gene expression profiling has revealed that neutrophils express a variety of innate immunity proteins, known previously only to be expressed in other cells. Likewise, it has become clear that some proteins previously thought to be specific to the neutrophil are expressed in epithelial cells during inflammation.Trends in Immunology 09/2007; 28(8):340-5. · 10.40 Impact Factor
Advances in Immunology 02/1999; 73:369-509. · 5.76 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Neutrophils are known to play an important role in inflammatory responses by virtue of their ability to perform a series of effector functions that collectively represent a major mechanism of innate immunity against injury and infection. In recent years, however, it has become obvious that the contribution of neutrophils to host defence and natural immunity extends well beyond their traditional role as professional phagocytes. Indeed, neutrophils can be induced to express a number of genes whose products lie at the core of inflammatory and immune responses. These include not only Fc receptors, complement components, cationic antimicrobial and NADPH oxidase proteins, but also a variety of cytokines (including tumour necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-1R alpha, IL-12 and vascular endothelial growth factor), and chemokines such as IL-8, growth-related gene product, macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1alpha, MIP-1beta, interferon-gamma-inducible protein of 10 kDa and monokine induced by interferon-gamma. Because these chemokines are primarily chemotactic for neutrophils, monocytes, immature dendritic cells and T-lymphocyte subsets, a potential role for neutrophils in orchestrating the sequential recruitment of distinct leukocyte types to the inflamed tissue is likely to occur. The purpose of this review is to summarize the essential features of the production of chemokines by polymorphonuclear neutrophil leukocytes and the contribution that we have made to characterize some aspects of this newly discovered crucial function of neutrophils.Immunological Reviews 11/2000; 177:195-203. · 11.15 Impact Factor