Molecular imaging of cardiac sympathetic innervation by 11C-mHED and PET: from man to mouse?
ABSTRACT Dysfunction of the sympathetic nervous system underlies many cardiac diseases and can be assessed by molecular imaging using PET in humans. Small-animal PET should enable noninvasive quantitation of the sympathetic nervous system in mouse models of human disease. For mice, however, the radioactivity needed to give acceptable image quality may be associated with a mass of unlabeled compound sufficient to block the binding of radioligand to its target. The present study assesses the feasibility of using [N-methyl-(11)C]meta-hydroxyephedrine ((11)C-mHED) to measure norepinephrine reuptake in humans, to determine cardiac innervation in mice.
Anesthetized mice were placed in a small-animal PET scanner. (11)C-mHED (containing 18% precursor metaraminol) was injected via a tail vein into each animal simultaneously. Fifteen minutes later, animals were injected with saline or metaraminol which competes with mHED for norepinephrine reuptake. (18)F-FDG was injected at 60 min to identify heart regions. After reconstruction of the list-mode data, radioactivity in myocardial regions was computed using in-house software, and time-activity curves were plotted.
Hearts were clearly visualized after injection of (11)C-mHED. Injection of metaraminol at doses less than 50 nmol x kg(-1) had no effect, whereas doses greater than 100 nmol x kg(-1) caused a dose-dependent loss of specifically bound radioactivity.
(11)C-mHED was successfully used to visualize and assess myocardial innervation in mice. Uptake of (11)C-mHED is displaceable by the false transmitter metaraminol. The total molar dose of metaraminol and (11)C-mHED must be considered in the analysis of PET data.
- SourceAvailable from: Robert A Dekemp[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: The norepinephrine analogue (11)C-meta-hydroxyephedrine (HED) has been used to interrogate sympathetic neuronal reuptake in cardiovascular disease. Application for longitudinal studies in small animal models of disease necessitates an understanding of test-retest variability. This study evaluated the repeatability of multiple quantitative cardiac measurements of HED retention and washout and the pharmacological response to reuptake blockade and enhanced norepinephrine levels. METHODS: Small animal PET images were acquired over 60min following HED administration to healthy male Sprague Dawley rats. Paired test and retest scans were undertaken in individual animals over 7days. Additional HED scans were conducted following administration of norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor desipramine or continuous infusion of exogenous norepinephrine. HED retention was quantified by retention index, standardized uptake value (SUV), monoexponential and one-compartment washout. Plasma and cardiac norepinephrine were measured by high performance liquid chromatography. RESULTS: Test retest variability was lower for retention index (15%±12%) and SUV (19%±15%) as compared to monoexponential washout rates (21%±13%). Desipramine pretreatment reduced myocardial HED retention index by 69% and SUV by 85%. Chase treatment with desipramine increased monoexponential HED washout by 197% compared to untreated controls. Norepinephrine infusion dose-dependently reduced HED accumulation, reflected by both retention index and SUV, with a corresponding increase in monoexponential washout. Plasma and cardiac norepinephrine levels correlated with HED quantitative measurements. CONCLUSION: The repeatability of HED retention index, SUV, and monoexponential washout supports its suitability for longitudinal PET studies in rats. Uptake and washout of HED are sensitive to acute increases in norepinephrine concentration.Nuclear Medicine and Biology 05/2013; · 2.52 Impact Factor
Klaus P Schäfers