Article

Efficacy of different commercial phytase enzymes and development of an available phosphorus release curve for Escherichia coli-derived phytases in nursery pigs.

Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, College of Agriculture, Kansas State University, Manhattan, 66506, USA.
Journal of Animal Science (Impact Factor: 2.09). 11/2010; 88(11):3631-44. DOI: 10.2527/jas.2010-2936
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In 2 experiments, a total of 184 pigs (PIC, initial BW of 10.3 and 9.7 kg for Exp. 1 and 2, respectively) were used to develop an available P (aP) release curve for commercially available Escherichia coli-derived phytases. In both experiments, pigs were fed a corn-soybean meal basal diet (0.06% aP) and 2 diets with added inorganic P (iP) from monocalcium phosphate (Exp. 1: 0.075 and 0.15% aP; Exp. 2: 0.07 and 0.14% aP) to develop a standard curve. In Exp. 1, 100, 175, 250, or 500 phytase units (FTU)/kg of OptiPhos 2000 or 200, 350, 500, or 1,000 FTU/kg of Phyzyme XP were added to the basal diet. In Exp. 2, 250, 500, 750, or 1,000 FTU/kg of OptiPhos 2000; 500, 1,000, or 1,500 FTU/kg of Phyzyme XP; or 1,850 or 3,700 FTU/kg of Ronozyme P were added to the basal diet. One FTU was defined as the amount of enzyme required to release 1 µmol of iP per minute from sodium phytate at 37°C. For all phytase products, the manufacturer-guaranteed phytase activities were used in diet formulation. All diets were analyzed for phytase activity using both the Phytex and AOAC methods. Pigs were blocked by sex and BW and allotted to individual pens with 8 pens per treatment. Pigs were killed on d 21, and fibulas were collected and analyzed for bone ash. In both experiments, increasing iP improved (linear, P < 0.01) G:F and percentage bone ash. Pigs fed increasing OptiPhos had improved (Exp. 1: linear, P < 0.001; Exp. 2: quadratic, P < 0.001) percentage bone ash, as did pigs fed increasing Phyzyme XP (linear, P < 0.001). In Exp. 2, increasing Ronozyme P improved (quadratic, P < 0.01) percentage bone ash. Using analyzed values from the AOAC method and percentage bone ash as the response variable, an aP release curve was developed for up to 1,000 FTU/kg of E. coli-derived phytases (OptiPhos 2000 and Phyzyme XP) in P-deficient diets. The prediction equation was Y = -0.000000125X(2) + 0.000236X + 0.016, where Y = aP release (%) and X = analyzed phytase (FTU/kg) in the diet.

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    ABSTRACT: In 2 experiments, 48 weanling (initial BW: 13.5 ± 2.4 kg, Exp. 1) and 24 growing pigs (initial BW: 36.2 ± 4.0 kg, Exp. 2) were used to determine effects of a novel bacterial 6-phytase expressed in Aspergillus oryzae on the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of phosphorus and calcium in corn-soybean meal diets fed to weanling and growing pigs. In Exp. 1 and 2, pigs were randomly allotted to 6 dietary treatments using a randomized complete block design and a balanced 2 period changeover design, respectively. In both experiments, 6 diets were formulated. The positive control diet was a corn-soybean meal diet with added inorganic phosphorus (Exp. 1: 0.42 and 0.86% standardized total tract digestible phosphorus and total calcium, respectively; Exp. 2: 0.32 and 0.79% standardized total tract digestible phosphorus and total calcium, respectively). A negative control diet and 4 diets with the novel phytase (Ronozyme HiPhos, DSM Nutritional Products Inc., Parsippany, NJ) added to the negative control diet at levels of 500, 1,000, 2,000, and 4,000 phytase units (FYT)/kg were also formulated. In Exp. 1, the ATTD of phosphorus was greater (P < 0.01) for the positive control diet (60.5%) than for the negative control diet (40.5%), but increased (linear and quadratic, P < 0.01) as phytase was added to the negative control diet (40.5% vs. 61.6%, 65.1%, 68.7%, and 68.0%). The breakpoint for the ATTD of phosphorus (68.4%) was reached at a phytase inclusion level of 1,016 FYT/kg. In Exp. 2, the ATTD of phosphorus was greater (P < 0.01) for the positive control diet (59.4%) than for the negative control diet (39.8%) and increased (linear and quadratic, P < 0.01) as phytase was added to the negative control diet (39.8% vs. 58.1%, 65.4%, 69.1%, and 72.8%). The breakpoint for the ATTD of phosphorus (69.1%) was reached at a phytase inclusion level of 801 FYT/kg. In conclusion, the novel bacterial 6-phytase improved the ATTD of phosphorus and calcium in both weanling and growing pigs. The optimum level of inclusion for this phytase is 800 to 1,000 FYT/kg of complete feed to maximize ATTD of phosphorus and calcium in weanling and growing pigs.
    Journal of animal science and biotechnology. 01/2013; 4(1):8.

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