The efficacy and mechanisms of fungal suppression of freshwater harmful algal bloom species.

School of Life Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210093, People's Republic of China.
Journal of hazardous materials (Impact Factor: 4.33). 11/2010; 183(1-3):176-81. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.07.009
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Microorganisms have attracted worldwide attention as possible agents for inhibiting water blooms. Algae are usually indirectly inhibited and degraded by secretion from microorganisms. In this study, algal cultures Microcystis aeruginosa (Ma) FACH-918, Microcystis flos-aquae (Mf) FACH-1028, Oocystis borgei (Ob) FACH-1108, and M. aeruginosa PCC 7806 were co-cultured with the fungus strain Trichaptum abietinum 1302BG. All algal cells were destroyed within 48 hours (h) of co-incubation. Scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope observation revealed that the fungal strain had preying ability on the algal cells. The mechanism may be that the algal cells were encased with a mucous membrane secreted by the fungal mycelia, and finally degraded by the fungus directly.

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