Long term culture of human embryonic stem cells on recombinant vitronectin in ascorbate free media.
ABSTRACT Human embryonic stem cells (hESC) are expected to provide revolutionary therapeutic applications and drug discovery technologies. In order for this to be achieved a reproducible, defined animal component free culture system is required for the scale-up production of undifferentiated hESC. In this work we have investigated the applicability of a recombinantly produced domain of human vitronectin as an extracellular matrix alternative to the common standards Geltrex or Matrigel. In addition we have validated an ascorbate free media capable of supporting CD30(low) populations of hESC through a multi-factorial analysis of bFGF and Activin A. The recombinant vitronectin domain combined with the ascorbate free media were capable of supporting 3 cell lines, MEL1, MEL2 and hES3 for 10 or more passages while maintaining hESC pluripotency markers and differentiation capacity. The culture method outlined here provides a platform for future investigation into growth factor and extracellular matrix effects on hESC maintenance prior to bioreactor scale-up.
- SourceAvailable from: Anastasia Efthymiou[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Introduction: Since the initial discoveries of human embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cells, many strategies have been developed to utilize the potential of these cells for translational research and disease modeling. The success of these aims and the development of future applications in this area will depend on the ability to generate high-quality and large numbers of differentiated cell types that genetically, epigenetically, and functionally mimic the cells found in the body. Areas covered: In this review, we highlight the current strategies used to maintain stem cell pluripotency (a measure of stem cell quality), as well as provide an overview of the various differentiation strategies being used to generate cells from all three germ lineages. We also discuss the particular considerations that must be addressed when utilizing these cells for translational therapy, and provide an example of a cell type currently used in clinical trials. Expert opinion: The major challenge in regenerative medicine and disease modeling will be in generating functional cells of sufficient quality that are physiologically and epigenetically similar to the diverse cells that they are modeled after. By meeting these criteria, these differentiated products can be successfully used in disease modeling, drug/toxicology screens, and cellular replacement therapy.Expert opinion on biological therapy. 05/2014;
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ABSTRACT: Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) provide a new source for hepatocyte production in translational medicine and cell replacement therapy. The reported hESC-derived hepatocyte-like cells (HLCs) were commonly generated on Matrigel, a mouse cell line-derived extracellular matrix (ECM). Here, we performed the hepatic lineage differentiation of hESCs following a stepwise application of growth factors on a newly developed serum- and xeno-free, simple and cost-benefit ECM, designated "RoGel," which generated from a modified conditioned medium of human fibroblasts. In comparison with Matrigel, the differentiated HLCs on both ECMs expressed similar levels of hepatocyte-specific genes, secreted α-fetoprotein, and metabolized ammonia, showed glycogen storage activity as well as low-density lipoprotein and indocyanine green uptake. The transplantation of hESC-HLCs into the carbon tetrachloride-injured liver demonstrated incorporation of the cells into the host mouse liver and the expression of albumin. The results suggest that the xeno-free and cost-benefit matrix may be applicable in bioartificial livers and also may facilitating a clinical application of human pluripotent stem cell-derived hepatocytes in the future.Histochemie 01/2014; · 2.93 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Human Embryonic Stem cells (hESCs) and human induced Pluripotent Stem cells (hiPSCs) are commonly maintained on inactivated mouse embryonic fibroblast as feeder cells in medium supplemented with FBS or proprietary replacements. Use of culture medium containing undefined or unknown components has limited the development of applications for pluripotent cells because of the relative lack of knowledge regarding cell responses to differentiating growth factors. In addition, there is no consensus as to the optimal formulation, or the nature of the cytokine requirements of the cells to promote their self-renewal and inhibit their differentiation. In this study, we successfully generated hiPSCs from human dental pulp cells (DPCs) using Yamanaka's factors (Oct3/4, Sox2, Klf4, and c-Myc) with retroviral vectors in serum- and feeder-free defined culture conditions. These hiPSCs retained the property of self-renewal as evaluated by the expression of self-renewal marker genes and proteins, morphology, cell growth rates, and pluripotency evaluated by differentiation into derivatives of all three primary germ layers in vitro and in vivo. In this study, we found that TGF-β1 increased the expression levels of pluripotency markers in a dose-dependent manner. However, increasing doses of TGF-β1 suppressed the growth rate of hiPSCs cultured under the defined conditions. Furthermore, over short time periods the hiPSCs cultured in hESF9 or hESF9T exhibited similar morphology, but hiPSCs maintained in hESF9 could not survive beyond 30 passages. This result clearly confirmed that hiPSCs cultured in hESF9 medium absolutely required TGF-β1 to maintain pluripotency. This simple serum-free adherent monoculture system will allow us to elucidate the cell responses to growth factors under defined conditions and can eliminate the risk might be brought by undefined pathogens.PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(1):e87151. · 3.53 Impact Factor